Anglican Church in America Asks Entry Into Catholic Church

Breaking news as the House of Bishops of the Anglican Church in America has formally requested to enter the Catholic Church. All 99 parishes and cathedrals!

Here is the complete text [emphases mine]:

Orlando, FL – 1 pm EST – Bp. George Langberg

Released by the House of Bishops of the Anglican Church in America, Traditional Anglican Communion 3 March 2010

We, the House of Bishops of the Anglican Church in America of the Traditional Anglican Communion have met in Orlando, Florida, together with our Primate and the Reverend Christopher Phillips of the “Anglican Use” Parish of Our Lady of the Atonement (San Antonio, Texas) and others.

At this meeting, the decision was made formally to request the implementation of the provisions of the Apostolic Constitution Anglicanorum coetibus in the United States of America by the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith.

Reverend Mark Siegel, the Dean of the Cathedral of the Incarnation in Orlando, Florida, expressed his desire and excitement in this historic move by a large Anglican body in more or less the following words.

‘I can’t say anything more than what the ACA announcement says, but we are all excited with this first step.’

Deo gratias!


Biretta tip: Notes on the Culture Wars.

403 Responses to Anglican Church in America Asks Entry Into Catholic Church

  1. anthony rowe says:

    really? no, I mean really?

  2. Tito Edwards says:


    Got off the phone with the Dean of the Cathedral of the Incarnation, Diocese of the East Coast ACA, and he said its true.

    But I can’t get any details until their bishop returns.

    It’s on their website, I confirmed it, it’s true!

  3. Donald R. McClarey says:

    Friends we are at the beginning of something big. The Anglican Church in America has about 100 parishes and 5200 members. Here is a link to their dioceses.
    Click on the dioceses and there are lists of the churches in each diocese.

    With this step being taken watch for lots of other Anglican and Episcopalian groups to plunge into the Tiber. Pope Benedict is a genius!

  4. Colin Gormley says:

    Wow! Praise God!

  5. Tito Edwards says:

    This is huge indeed.

    Of course, patience is needed.

    We need a personal ordinariate to be established first, secondly and Ordinary to head the Ordinariate.

    This my be jumping ahead, but what will this personal ordinariate be called?

    I propose the American Ordinariate of the Catholic Church!

  6. Though it is Wikipedia, people should look carefully at what the ACA is about:

    It is really a recent creation, and it has been looking for communion — under its own expectations — with Rome since at least 2007. In other words, this is not a new story – and more importantly, they might not really be ready. Then again they might — but if so, will require lots of humility.

  7. Tito Edwards says:

    The ACA asking for entry is a new story.

    You may be referencing their “desire” to join.

  8. What spendid news! On a recent visit in London, I met Canon Stuart Wilson, who when he converted from the Church of England brought his whole congregation with him.
    Armiger Jagoe,editor of The Joyful Catholic

  9. Hunni says:

    Let us pray for the continued conversion of the entire Christian Community, although in a spirit of humility. A spirit of gloating would be a very great sin in deed.

  10. Rocco says:

    Martin Luther would be soooooo Happy!

  11. Monica says:

    Wonderful, what a good thing!!!

  12. H. Koenig says:

    About a year ago, my chapter of Lay Dominicans was asked to pray a 40 day novena (oxymoron?) for something, but we couldn’t be told what it was. It turned out that this whole thing was what we had been praying for.

    As someone who entered into full communion in 1994 and left the Episcopal priesthood to do so, I am made very happy by the Constitution and by this news.

  13. Anonymous says:

    Does this mean current Latin-rite Catholics will be able to meet the weekly Mass obligation by going to one of these churches?

  14. Foxfier says:

    Holy freekin’ CRUD you’re joshin’ me!


  15. Jeremy Hummerstone says:

    “Then again they might — but if so, will require lots of humility.”
    Whom makest thou thyself? You don’t sound all that humble.

  16. Chris M says:

    anonymous – yes, once they are regularized. Right now, no.

  17. […] of the Traditional Anglican Communion – known as the Anglican Church in America – is formally requesting reception into the Catholic Church. Woo […]

  18. […] The American Catholic. No Comments I 0 Trackbacks Tags: anglican reunification, catholic church in america, ecumenism […]

  19. Maria says:

    YEAH! Welcome home!
    I’m seeing a father running to meet his prodigal son…

  20. Tito Edwards says:


    A spirit of gloating would be a very great sin in deed.

    Yes it would be and we should be cautious in our exuberance, but it shouldn’t take anything away from the joy many of us feel on both sides the Tiber!

  21. Dianna says:

    Our local Anglican Church has been slowly coming in to full communion with the Catholic Church for about 2 years now. I am thrilled to see their church as a whole come over, I hope other denominations follow there lead.

  22. John Freschi says:

    Praise God, I think this is great and let us all pray that other denominations will see that this is what we Chritstians need to do in this time of great Religious fanatical devide in the world, is to join togehter and unify as one church praising one God.

  23. Francis says:

    this has happened because the key to the kingdom of heaven is given to catholic church. gates of hell never prevails against catholic church. whatever st.perter and his successor do will be admitted in heaven. Catholic church build by jesus not by man.


  24. Natalio A. Yaria says:

    Let us praise the Lord! Welcome back brothers and sisters to the Holy Catholic Church.

    Natalio A. Yaria
    Buenos Aires, Argentina

  25. shacoria says:

    So all of the Anglicans in America will be Catholic if this is agreed upon? Awesome.

  26. shacoria says:

    Also, this is only American Anglicans right? not, British?

  27. This is wonderful, the answer to many prayers. From one who could not wait and has already joined, I say welcome home.



  29. Ann Couper-Johnston says:

    This isn’t the entire Anglican church in America, just the bit of it that disagrees, as we do, with the ‘ordination’ of actively homosexual bishops. It is becoming more and more clear to those in the Anglican church who claim a common heritage with Rome (as some have done, not understanding that to reject Peter is to reject that heritage)that they need the authority that was only given to Peter and his successors: the mainstream (middle of the road) Anglican church is letting in practices that are not compatible with the Tradition St Paul urged us to be true to: “that which I received and in turn passed on to you”.

  30. Malcolm (South Africa) says:

    Claudio, the only way you could know what Jesus said, is from Catholic Tradition. In other words no Tradition no Christianity. We are really happy to have our brothers and sisters come home, you are also welcomed.

  31. ol Sal says:

    Any church in the US which is “Anglican Use” is a Roman Catholic parish (right now, just a few). Going to mass there is the same as going to a mass at any other Roman Catholic parish, or a liturgy in union with Rome.

    To enter the Church, the people in these parishes will have to do what everyone else does: study what the Church teaches (the Catechism), assent to it, and practice their faith.

    Praise God, who does not leave us orphans but always provides a way for us to know and follow the Truth. And, welcome, brothers and sisters in Christ! Many graces await you!!

  32. ARTURO YACAMAN says:


  33. Tom Frayer says:

    What would be wrong with a total second christian reformation? If all claim to of one faith why not prove it!!!!!!!!!!!!

  34. Tito Edwards says:


    You’re a friendly reminder that in-your-face anti-Catholicism is still alive and well in the blogosphere.

    You probably should visit a dissident Catholic blog where you would feel most welcome.

  35. Foxfier says:

    Heh, Tito- I only barely scanned the caplock king there, initially thought he was (like my Elf) waiting for the Queen to convert. Makes more sense than what the closer reading put out….

  36. Fr Eric says:

    “What man is amid the brute creation, such is the Church among the schools of the world.” Ven. John Cardinal Newman

  37. […] Anglican Church in America Asks Entry Into Catholic Church Breaking news as the House of Bishops of the Anglican Church in America has formally requested to enter the Catholic […] […]

  38. […] Anglican Church in America Asks Entry Into Catholic Church « The … […]

  39. kirsten says:

    as a convert of two years, who was raised Episcopalian. i am not surprised at all.

    My childhood church has changed out of all recognition… and many of the Anglicans feel the same.

  40. Wm. Parkinson says:


  41. Elaine Krewer says:

    Looks like one of Don’s Predictions for 2010 is already shaping up:

    “Pope Benedict’s Anglican Initiative will prove amazingly successful with ever increasing numbers of Anglicans and Episcopalians swimming the Tiber to participate.”

  42. Donald R. McClarey says:

    It was an easy enough prediction Elaine considering the pent up frustration of so many Anglicans and Episcopalians as to what has happened to their church. I think it has made them ready to join a church which does not take its marching orders from the zeitgeist of the moment.

  43. Robert Sledz says:

    Indeed! Martin Luther would be very happy.. And sad at the same time that it isn’t the church bearing his name isn’t the first to seek such Organic Unity!

  44. Jay Everett says:

    Welcome…..The sheep are coming home…may God bless them….

  45. wayne says:

    Malcome said the the only way to know what Jesus said it thru catholic tradition. So, whats wrong with opening the bible? Oh, i forgot. The catholic church doesnt like for people to read the bible.

  46. Robert Sledz says:

    Wayne…stop drinking the kool aid… The catholic Church wrote The Bible. Wise up and read the early Chruch documents…

  47. Foxfier says:

    Wait, we’re not supposed to read the Bible?

    Dang, that WOULD make Mass short!

  48. Terry says:

    Foxfier you hit the nail on the head. Wonder how many have no clue what you are referencing.

  49. Connie I. Ko says:

    I have a question, not a comment! What is your permissions policy regarding re-printing your material? I am especially interested in the ff: Anglican Church in America Asks Entry Into Catholic Church. I would like to re-print the article as it is in a Blog post. We will fully abide w/ your requirements for full attribution whatever they are! We are a prayer website w/ members from the twinned Catholic parishes of St. James the Less (La Crescenta) & Holy Redeemer (Montrose) in Southern California. Pls say Yes! We are hoping (& praying even harder)!

  50. Tito Edwards says:


    Just as long as you attribute it to us with a link, we’re ok with it be re-printed!

    In Jesus, Mary, & Joseph,


  51. wayne says:

    Robert Sledzs, re-evaluate your statement that the catholic church wrote the bible. The early fathers were led by God to make copies. Bless them.The gospels were written by hebrews. Not by any catholic church which wasnt around at that time.

  52. Donald R. McClarey says:

    “The gospels were written by hebrews. Not by any catholic church which wasnt around at that time.”

    Saint Luke would have been stunned to realize that he is a Hebrew! The Catholic Church wayne was founded by Christ. The term Catholic Church was first used in 110AD by Saint Ignatius of Antioch, who was a disciple of Saint John. He used the term to emphasize the universal nature of the Church. (Universal is what the term catholic means.) He was the third Bishop of Antioch and received his consecration from the hands of the Apostles themselves. Learn a little history before you seek to be a troll on a Catholic website.

  53. wayne says:

    Hi Donald, actally, im not a troll. What i say can be verified either by scripture or history books.I put things in persective and it rubs people the wrong way. Especially if it means that what they believe is false. When i was first saved(born again) i still believed in evolution. I didnt fall to pieces when i found out i was wrong. I was delighted that a false idea was lifted off me. The new testament was written by people who lived thru it. Catholic folks like to believe that the catholic church wrote the bible. Not all,some aware catholic know that the church just compiles the works into one book.That was great. From then on the vatican spiraled down a dark path. Say, does anyone here know how the vatican aquired all its vast land holdings and its wealth? You all seem to be experts on all things catholic.

  54. Donald R. McClarey says:

    Of course you are a troll wayne, and an ignorant one. I gave you facts that you are unable to respond to so you merely restate that Catholics did not write the Bible.

  55. Tito Edwards says:


    You’re reading a Bible written by Catholics.

    You think a stork dropped the King James Bible out of thin air?

  56. Wayne seems to follow with the Donation of Constantine legend… lol.

  57. Terry says:

    Tito I have to agree with wayne in this sense. Catholics did not write the old testament. However all of the new testament was written by catholics and the the assembly of the works which makes up the bible was done by the catholic church and then luther chose to revamp the version which has become know as the king james version

  58. Tito Edwards says:


    I know.

    When I say Catholics wrote the Bible, I meant the New Testament. In addition they also put together the Bible.

    Typing too fast for my own good.

  59. wayne says:

    Catholics wrote the bible? Was Paul and Luke and John catholic? No. There wasnt even a catholic church. Really, im not so concerned about that. Its peoples salvation im worried about. But i do wonder where anyone cmae up with catholics writing the bible. We know who the authors were. But if you feel better thinking they belonged to catholic church, no harm is done. The harm is when you dont read it and or believe it. Donald says im ignorant. Besides claiming catholics didnt write the bible, what else did i ever say that is false or unverifiable?

  60. wayne says:

    Terry, what changes did Luther make to the bible?

  61. Donald R. McClarey says:

    Once again wayne you are making a statement without any facts to back it up. I have given you evidence that the term Catholic Church was first used by a disciple of Saint John and that he was consecrated as the third bishop of Antioch by the Apostles. In response you merely restate your conclusion that the Apostles were not Catholic. If you are going to take part in a combox discussion on this blog you need to cite facts to support a conclusion.

    In regard to Luther he rejected these books of the Old Testament that were part of the Christian Bible up to his time: Tobias, Baruch, Judith, Wisdom, Ecclesiastes, 1 Maccabees, 2 Maccabees, 7 Chapters of the Book of Esther and 66 verses of the third chapter of Daniel.

  62. Terrence says:

    For those who may not be aware- the Anglican movement to Rome is not limited to just the United States.

    “Anglicans to be brought back to “full visible unity” with the Catholic Church”- ( [Tuesday Oct. 20, 2009]

    “First group of ‘Traditionalist” Anglicans in Britain votes to enter Catholic Church”- ( [Friday Nov. 6, 2009]

    “Australia’s Traditional Anglicans vote to convert to Catholicism” (Telegraph.Co.UK.) [Feb.16,2010]

    Also, comments by Wayne and those of his ilk are learned, and unfortunately are part of a Sunday service. Many are students of Loraine Boettner’s work-[anti-Catholic books,tracts,etc.]

    Catholic’s are not accustomed to attack- it
    may be a good time to read, “Catholicism & Fundamentalism”, Karl Keating, Ignatius Press. It has been in print since, I believe, 1988.

  63. wayne says:

    Donald, the disciples were humble and did not esteem any man more holy than the next. This is how Jesus taught them. The catholic church with its pecking order of holymen has nothing in common with the work of the dieciples. Further, im not concerned who termed the word cathloic. Does that mean that church is Gods church because of the name? Thats funny. I dont see where jesus or Peter for that matter ever refering to a name for followers of Jesus.Hey Don, theres a rival down the street from your catholic church, its call The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints. I had one of thier members tell me that thier church was Gods becouse of thier name. So what do we do now? Wait a min,the Jehovas Withness are Gods church, look at thier name.Donald, all joking aside. People who recieve Christ and are born again dont belong to a religion, neither would we join one once saved. Its just me and the Lord. We dont need no stinkin religion. Did i come close to answering your question? Can you answer my question? How did the vatican aquire all its land and wealth during the middle ages?

  64. Donald R. McClarey says:

    wayne, I’ll take your latest stream of consciousness comment as an admission that you know bupkis about the history of the Church or history in general.

  65. wayne says:

    Brother terrance, any facts i give out are just that, cold fact of history, easily verifiable. But you cant get an unbiasrd history from catholic history books. Listen to this true story Terrance; a while back, yrs ago, i took my girlfriends boy to the local library for some school project or another. While standing next to a bookshelf i saw a book titled The Inquisition. I started thumbing thru to get to the gory parts. None. Its said that during the inquisition, people were just asked questions and let go. No one was hurt. Hince the name inquisition.I couldnt believe this was a serious work. I went to the front to see who wrote it. No author, just printed by the Catholic Press,1950. Ive been to Catholic and seen more unbelieveable distortions. If you want reliable history, go to college textbooks and other non religious publications.

  66. Donald R. McClarey says:

    I don’t know who “Brother terrance” is, but the next time you have the urge to read about the Spanish Inquisition you might try reading Henry Kamen’s study on it which is the most up to date account.

    You truly do not have a clue about history do you wayne?

  67. Terry says:

    Wayne he left out a few books.

  68. Donald R. McClarey says:

    wayne, a little history assignment for you if you really want to learn about the history of the Church. Tell me which Catholic wrote this:

    “And this food is called among us Eucharist, of which no one is allowed to partake but the man who believes that the things which we teach are true, and who has been washed with the washing that is for the remission of sins, and unto regeneration, and who is so living as Christ has enjoined. For not as common bread and common drink do we receive these; but in like manner as Jesus Christ our Saviour, having been made flesh by the Word of God, had both flesh and blood for our salvation, so likewise have we been taught that the food which is blessed by the prayer of His word, and from which our blood and flesh by transmutation are nourished, is the flesh and blood of that Jesus who was made flesh. For the apostles, in the memoirs composed by them, which are called Gospels, have thus delivered unto us what was enjoined upon them; that Jesus took bread, and when He had given thanks, said, “This do ye in remembrance of Me, this is My body;” and that, after the same manner, having taken the cup and given thanks, He said, “This is My blood;” and gave it to them alone. Which the wicked devils have imitated in the mysteries of Mithras, commanding the same thing to be done. For, that bread and a cup of water are placed with certain incantations in the mystic rites of one who is being initiated, you either know or can learn.”

  69. Terry says:

    Wayne i’m also curious as to how factual you think the da vinci code is?

  70. Terrence says:

    Wayne my name is Terrence, not terrance. Out of respect it would be nice to at least get the spelling of my name correct, and use a capital T.

    You are fast and loose with words. You claim any facts you give are just that. Cold fact (facts) of history. Funny, but you never “reference” any of these cold, hard, facts, that are easily verifiable?

    You write in riddles and you lead one to believe you think this way. You have managed to expose yourself as someone who has little to no understanding of the history of the Roman Empire, before Christ, and after his birth to present day.

    Am I to understand you do not believe that a great majority of Anglicans are leaving to be part of the Roman Catholic Church? Afterall, this is what this article is about. The Anglicans I quoted from – Catholic site, and a secular news source, do not seem valid enough for you. You can find these stories in any major newspaper throughout the U.S., Canada, England, Australia. Here is another one for you Wayne: the Eastern Orthodox Church and the Roman Catholic Church are also reuniting after splitting
    July 16, 1054. That is where such “insignificant” places like Antioch, Alexandria, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey today) happened to be located in the early Church. This of course was before the birth of Martin Luther Nov. 10, 1483, the German Catholic Monk.

    Wayne this may help enlighten you about how Martin Luther viewed the world. “Much scholary debate has concentrated on Luthers’s writings about Jews. His statements that Jews’ homes should be destroyed, their synagogues burned, money confiscated and liberty curtailed were revived and used in propganda by the Nazis in 1933-45. As a result of this and his revolutionary theological views, his legacy remains controversal. In 1983, the Luthern Church-Missouri Synod, denouced Luther’s “hostile attitude” toward the Jews. In 1994, the Church Council of the Evangelical Luthern Church in Ameriica announced: “As did many of Luther’s own companions in the sisteenth century, we reject this violent invective, and yet more do we express our help and abiding sorrow over its tragic effects on subsequent generations.” (Declaration of the Evangelical Luthern Church in America to the Jewish Community, April 18, 1994) (Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.)

  71. wayne says:

    Ill deal with one at a time. Terrance, my shift key doesnt work half the time. Some letter dont come out capital. Terry, Da Vinci code is a novel, nothing more. Donald, historical facts are facts. Do i have to mention books to you? Im pretty good with roman history. An overview of sorts.I would have to refer to books for dates and some names and what not. Donald, who cares what man wrote that paragraph? Jesus said; Let God be true and every man a liar. Let me make this clear to everyone; im not interested in what men say, or what some church org says about itself. Of course they will talk wonderfull about themselves, when in fact they are full of dead mens bones.Inquisition history; ive seen it with my own eyes and touched it with my hands, so there is no need to try to buffalow me there. Ive been to the torture chambers all thru europe. Ive seen the devices that the vatican used on people. The first one i went into, i had to run out cause i was about to throw up. Guided by the Holy Spirit, who are they kidding? I think i know why no one answered my question as to how the catholic church got rich. As to why the anglicals and the russian orthodox want to join the roman church, well, my grandma used to tell me; Wayne, it takes all kinds. The unsaved are capable of doing anything and everything.Come on some brave soul, answer my question, please, with sugar on top.

  72. Tito Edwards says:


    Where inside the Bible is the word Bible?

    Where inside the Bible are the words “sola scriptura”.

    The apostles were just men, why don’t you discount them.

    And back to Donald’s point, why haven’t you addressed his evidence?

    I bet you even deny chapter 6 of the Holy Gospel of Saint John!

  73. wayne says:

    Almost forgot. Dont look at me for what Luther said. The only thing i admire about him is that he stood up to the vatican and blasted them for selling salvation. Which they still do.Amazing people still fall for that. P.T. Barnum used to say; A sucker is born every minute.

  74. wayne says:

    Hi Bro Tito. I went to the site Bro Donald put there for me. What evidence of Dons are you refering to. His msgs are pretty big. I read the reviews to the amazon book on inquisition.The author is following catholic lines, deny deny deny. These torture chambers are so numerous that if only 100 people died in each them, the numbers would be big. Thats not counting the ones that werent killed in the, the ones burned alive outside. i still get sick thinking of it. Why anglicans want to team up with an org like this,…beyond me

  75. tim says:

    I’ve been looking into converting and I found the responses to Wayne very helpful in providing me with more information I need. Thank you all and God bless!

  76. Donald R. McClarey says:

    wayne, Henry Kamen is one of the foremost living historians of Spanish history.

    I can understand that you prefer your bigotry to historical facts, but that isn’t acceptable on this blog. If you are going to make a historical statement that the Apostles were not Catholic, you have to defend it with historical evidence. And I note you still have not told me which Catholic wrote the statement I quoted above about the Eucharist. Lazy and bigoted are a poor way to go through life wayne.

  77. Jennifer says:

    Regarding the supposed great wealth of the Vatican, it is not the hierarchy of the Church which owns property; it is the Church as a whole, meaning approximately 1.5 billion people around the world. Take the value of all Church property and divide it by 1.5 billion and you will see how “wealthy” we really are. Any entity with that many members and a 2000 year history would of necessity have accumulated something. There must be places for its members to gather for worship, education and social purposes. The great works of art are there to inspire anyone who wishes to gaze upon them. Unlike museums, our church buildings do not charge admission and do not profit from the beauty they contain.

    If the Church were to sell it all today to feed the poor, their hunger would be abated for but a brief time and then they would be hungry again and the Church left with no places to worship or beautiful art to inspire and no resources to help the needy.

    Jesus, Himself, said that the poor would be with us always. Furthermore, the Catholic Church is the single greatest provider of charitable goods and services to people of all faiths throughout the world. We Catholics feed more hungry people, build more homes for the homeless and provide more medical services without expecting anything in return than all the other Christian churches combined. “Help carry one another’s burdens; in that way you will fulfill the law of Christ.” Gal 6: 2 and “If a brother or sister has nothing to wear and no food for the day, and you say to them, ‘Good-bye and good luck! Keep warm and well fed,’ but do not meet their bodily needs, what good is that? So it is with the faith that does nothing in practice. It is thoroughly lifeless.” James 2: 15-17 “You must perceive that a person is justified by his works and not by faith alone.” James 2:24

    So we Catholics take our faith very seriously and live it through our works. The “wealth” of the Church provides resources to do as the Bible instructs us to do for our fellow man and for coming together to worship God.

    Regarding Bible reading, the Mass is filled with scripture, so to say we don’t read the Bible simply demonstrates ignorance. Anyone who goes to Mass every Sunday will have gone through the entire Bible (Old and New Testaments) every three years. Those who attend daily Mass go through the Bible yearly. And, yes, for those non-Catholics out there who don’t know any better, we do read the Bible on our own and we do have Bible studies outside of the Mass. No, we don’t tend to be experts at quoting chapter and verse, but where in the Bible does it tell us that is important?

    P.S. Wayne still is misspelling Terrence’s name. There is no “a”.

  78. wayne says:

    Hi Jennifer, Terrence, no a. Of course some catholics read the bible. What i said was that the catholic policy is for people not to get into the bible. Ive had catholic after catholic tell me thier priest discourages reading by themselves. Yes in mass the say a few verses.Jennifer , thanks for trying to answer my question.Even though didnt answer the question i still commend you. The others dont want to open that can of worms. The question was HOW the catholic church became so wealthy.By the way, my best friend was in rome a few months ago. They charge for the vatican tour now. I dont remember them charging me, but that was long time ago. Terrence, with an e, you say i deny the news stories of anglicans wanting in with the catholic church. No i dont.I believe the reports. Like i say, the unsaved will do anything.Luthers stand on the jews; he was a catholic monk. Luther just talked, the church did the walk. They put to death many jews thru europe.TerrEnce, i dont know who wrote that paragraph you put up? It could have been my mother. How would i know. Is that your only way of discrediting me? People here just say im ignorant, but they stop short of denying the inquisition killed bible believers and jews by the thousands. The only charge that sticks is that im sort of ignorant of what the catholic church teaches, but i have been closing that gap fast.I know lots of what it teaches. TITO, the word bible isnt in the bible. There was no bible back then. Sola scriptura wasnt mentioned by that term either. That just a ploy used by the church to justify its off the wall teachings.And i dont deny John chap 6 or any part of bible. I would beg to differ on your spin on it which would be, if youre catholic, would be catholic spin.Any religion can take the same verse and say it means thier religion is the best.You see folks, im here to say that its not religion that saves you, its your one on one with Jesus. You go to him one quiet time and ask him to show himself.

  79. Shacoria says:

    WAYNE, Can I just ask you something? Like, this is a Catholic website you’re on. I’m taking an educated guess and saying you’re not Catholic and don’t agree with Catholicism, so why are you on this website? Is it to change the minds of the Catholics here? From all the arguing taking place here, I don’t think that’s gonna happen so why not just stop trying. I only ask because I’m subscribed to emails from this site and every day I’ve been getting the emails of arguments and I don’t enjoy it. LOL. I only subscribed because I was curious about what people thought of the Anglican church making this decision and nobody is even talking about that anymore, now all I see is argument.

  80. wayne says:

    Shacoria, would you like me to go away? And take my message to ask Jesus to be born again so you can enter heaven? Why dont you like that message?

  81. Tito Edwards says:


    Why are you afraid to answer any of our questions?

  82. wayne says:

    I must appologise for something. Ive given the idea im just attacking catholicism. Im suggesting that no organised religion will save you. JWs, mormons, seventh days, baptist,assemblies of God, you name them. If i came here exposing the false practices of Jehovas Witness you all would agree with me. Thats why youre not in that church cause you dont believe in them.Earlier i posed a question; How did the catholic church get so rich. No one wants to answer, for good reason.Here goes the answer; Innocent III came up withthe Decreta Vergenti 1199. This document , of his own doing, sanctioned the vatican to kill or and torture people who didnt agree with catholicism AND confiscate their property.Most of the time the vatican made sure these heretics lived on choice land and all grouped togeather. Next in the crosshairs were the Cathars, a people who shunned the excessive and unbiblical ways of the catholic church. You know, men in fancy robes and idols all around, a continuation of roman pagan idolatry. So,the vatican had its loyal troops decimate these docil people and took their land. This senario is repeated over and over again.Its a matter of history for anyone who wants to search.That how the church got rich. Theft and murder.

  83. wayne says:

    Tito my brother, please repeat the questions you want me to try to answer. Im not God, so lots of questions i have no answer for, but ill give my honest opinion.

  84. Shacoria says:

    WAYNE, I just want the arguing to stop. Let’s get back to the topic at hand. Let’s say what we feel about the “Anglican Church In America Asks Entry Into Catholic Church” because that’s what this is about.

  85. wayne says:

    fair enough Shacoria. I think the Anglican org is running low on cash. They think by joining the big boys they can keep thier cushy jobs. Hey, getting a paycheck regularly. Thats what im about also.Everybody needs an income.

  86. Terrence says:

    I wish to thank, Jennifer- (thoughtful attempt to satisfy Wayne’s relentless harping about the Vatican’s acquired wealth over it’s 2,000 year history- also her message regarding how Catholics live the “SCRIPTURE” [the book Wayne claims we do not read] providing food, clothing, shelter, to all nations, regardless of race, creed, or color.) To Donald R.- (who must be exhausted-no matter what logic he attemped with Wayne, it was just pushed aside.) To Shacoria- who would like the arguing to just “stop”. It seems Wayne delibertly, and in a vicious manner,caused many of us to become angry and miss the whole intent of this article- “Anglicans coming home”, after Henry VIII’s seperation in 1534.
    It is encouraging to see how many of you took the time to express your yourselves in a positive manner,defending the faith we love. Something, sadly
    Wayne refuses to accept, nor attempt to understand.

  87. Donald R. McClarey says:

    Thank you Terrence! wayne has a bad case of invincible ignorance. I pray that he will ultimately receive the grace to be cured from his affliction.

  88. tom says:

    Hello ,
    The Eucharistic paragraphs were written by…..?
    Did I miss the name?
    They are beautiful!

    The WAY is the Catholic Church with Jesus Christ The KING as our Bridegroom!
    Thanks, Tom

  89. wayne says:

    Donald, the historical facts are sad and i guess im vicious for reminding people of them. The message is Christ and him crucified and risen. People here say i should come to the truth. Is the truth on my knees in front of a statue? And you call me ignorant?

  90. Donald R. McClarey says:

    “Donald, the historical facts are sad and i guess im vicious for reminding people of them”

    wayne, you have not stated any historical facts in this entire thread. You are ignorant of the history of the Church, and you are too lazy to learn the facts.

  91. Jennifer says:

    Terrence, thanks for the acknowledgement. Wayne, again you fail to get the point. You are obviously determined to hate and condemn the Church. I won’t try again to explain 2000 years of accumulated wealth by a 1.5 billion member entity since you will look only for dark episodes in Church history and completely discount anything possitive.

    Again, we don’t just “read a few verses” at Mass. Parishes provide bulletins that include a list of readings for the daily Masses so that those Catholics unable to attend Mass every day may look them up in their own Bibles and read them on their own time. Catholics everywhere are encouraged by the Church to read from Holy Scripture daily and are not limited to the official readings of the Mass.

    Your repeated assertions that the Church’s policy discourages independent bible reading is simply wrong. You have been misinformed and you have had multiple practicing Catholics here tell you that we read the Bible, and not in defiance of an oppressive hierarchy, and yet you obstinately persist in spouting falsehood. The average practicing Catholic of my age who attends Mass regularly has read it 15 to 20 times and more devout ones such as me have read it 30 or more times.

    Think about it. If you are wrong on this one thing about which you are so adamant, what else may you be wrong about?

    About being saved, “whoever believes and is baptized will be saved” Mk 16: 16. Faith is necessary for salvation but faith ALONE is not sufficient. “None of those who cry out, ‘Lord, Lord’ will enter the kingdom of God but only the one who does the will of my Father in heaven” Mt 7: 21-22 Also, one can lose one’s salvation. “Consider the kindness and the severity of God — severity toward those who fell, kindness toward you, provided you remain in his kindness; if you do not, you too will be cut off.” Rom 11: 22.

    You say you spurn all organized religion/churches but value the Bible. Well that is contradictory. “Would you show contempt for the church of God?” 1Cor 11:22 “We should not absent ourselves from the assembly, as some do, but encourage one another” Heb 10: 25

    On that note, I invite you to go to Mass at a Catholic Church near you. Go with an open mind and heart. Listen to the prayers which come directly from scripture and to the readings. Notice that we are not in the habit of citing chapter and verse but that we do include a great deal of scripture in our service. Even our Eucharistic prayer includes a great deal of OT and NT passages if you are sharp enough to detect them. Go to Mass but do not partake of Holy Communion since you do not yet have a true understanding of its significance and are not IN Communion with the Catholic Church. After you have attended several Catholic Masses, perhaps you will be better able to communicate with people like us with some genuine knowledge.

    Peace be with you.

  92. Connie I. Ko says:


    Thanks so much for your prompt reply! (And even more for your positive, very-Christian & generous response to our reprint permission request!) Of course, we will abide by your attribution requirement of leaving a link intact w/ the reprinted material. More powerful blessings to you & your organization!

    BTW, can i take this as the general policy I can apply to other materials from your site that we wish to reprint?

    GBU all the time,
    Connie I. Ko

  93. Tito Edwards says:

    Connie I. Ko,


    In Jesus, Mary, & Joseph,


  94. Matthew says:

    What is interesting is how you all prattle on about historical facts and the true church but seem to forget the 11th century dustup. If you wanted true reunion you should join the Orthodox Church and then endeavor to bring Rome back into the fold. It’s actually the closest thing to historic and pure Christianity that you can get. Don’t need any kind of fun stipulations to be married, etc.

  95. Donald R. McClarey says:

    Pardon me while I guffaw. All the Orthodox need to do is to live up to the agreement that they made at the Council of Florence in 1439 and all is forgiven.

  96. sue says:


    Thanks for steering the conversation back to the original topic. This is a favorite trick of the evil one…. steering us off target, especially with fallacious arguments. While we should evangelize non Catholics, we also need to know when someone is only interested in arguing and keeping us off the original topic which is our great joy of reunification.

  97. Alice bulger says:

    You know Wayne, I do believe in evolution…both the scientific kind (What a wonderful God to have created such a magnificant plan) and the evolution of the Church.The human race continues to evolve both physically and spiritually and we continue to add to our understanding of God. and His plan.
    The Church has travelled through the Ages with us humans and likewise has grown and changed as the centuries passed.We now understand how babies are concieved , how germs make us sick and that the earth revolves around the sun. We have changed our forms of government from monarchies to democracies in many places.So as the Middle Ages recede into history we recognize that at one time the Vatican was a monarchy as were most of the world’s governments. The Church has acknowledged her participation in the Inquisition to her shame (of which I’ve been aware all of my long life) and . There are many errors in the Churh’s history but the Churh is made up of sinful human beings and our God is a merciful God. So the Church acted like a medieval kingdom and acquired armies aamd wealth along with her neighbors.Much of that welth has been lavished on the world’s poor and suffering. But art like The Pieta , ancient writings , gold and silver lavished upon the Church by grateful belivers is beyond value. The Church has preserved much through wars plagues and invasions. I guess if you add it all up the Church has done much more good in the world than evil But that’s only what I think.

  98. Terry says:

    Wayne keeps harping on the inquistion and as catholics we are aware of this wart and all other warts, and as alice pointed out these were do to human weakness. Remember, however, that through all the bad times the Dogma of our faith has never been changed from the beginning. Why, because it is Christ’s church and as he said He will be with it until the end of the world.

  99. wayne says:

    Terry, you should see some of the dogma.99.99% of people have no idea what the church fathers came up with. You would be amazed. But its not shocking cause the ideas were widespread and still are, like negro inferiority. Its in the Canons. But never mind that. My comp was not moving until now so sorry for the delay in responding.Finally someone admits the reign of terror called inquisition. By the way, the office in charge if the killings, the Holy Office, is still there.The point im making by bringing it up is to make you thing that…Hmmmmm…maybe the holy spirit isnt guiding this church after all.Thats ALL im getting at. Im suggesting that possibly the catholic church isnt a vehicle for salvation. Or any other religion.Corint 11;32 talks about assembling. The saints assembled to bolster each other. How in the heck can you turn that around to mean that the catholic church is gods church? You guys take any scripture, any one at all and turn it into the catholic church.People, get your head out of that ritual ridden religion and ask Jesus himself to show you Himself.I see Donald is still claiming i know nothing, but i noticed he never takes any example of history i mention and says its false. Hes the ‘shoot the messenger’ type. You good people ever stop and think, Hmmmmm..Jesus said that the road to salvation is narrow and FEW that be thereon.Broad is the path to destruction and many be thereon.Any of you bible scholars ever toss that one around? When Jesus says few he means Few, and when he says Many , he means MANY.Yes buddy. In relation to the topic on hand,the anglicans joining up with the vatican, what does that bring to mind? A few devout catholics in here have reminded me on how many catholics there are in the world and now there will be more. One, i forgot, a female, said” lets evangelize people”. in other words, lets make more catholic converts.Well folks, that just fullfills Jesus words. The path to salvation is narrow.It wont accomodate billions. So, whats going to happen to all these billion catholics? For that matter, any group or religion? For that matter everyone.Ill let you in on a secret. Many are called but few are chosen. I rarely come across born again people in blogs or out in public. They are so few its not funny.Oh, i know a number of them. God lets us find each other. We are strangers in a strange land.

  100. Joe Hargrave says:

    The Church built Western civilization:

    As for this “narrow” stuff, um… do you not understand that what is meant is that most people won’t choose salvation – not that they can’t?

    Any Catholic can become a saint.

  101. wayne says:

    Joe, any human can become a saint. The definition of a saint is someone who is saved and born again, which mean the same thing.Dear jennifer, i attended mass a number of times when i was young on Xmas eve. My parents didnt go. i asked my across the street neighbors to take me cause i thought it was the rite thing to do on Xmas eve. My family was , what you call protestant. But i always wanted to do more on Xmas than eat chips and dip and caviar. I had a hunger for Jesus.I didnt know it at the time.But ive been to mass jennifer.Its hollow as a bell.When Jesus healed people, did he do some repeated sermon or wave some gold trinket around? Jennifer, i have an assignment for you. Find out what the official colors of the catholic church are. Or the Vatican colors, which ever.Joe, its not that i dont understand what narrow is, Jesus said the path is narrow, argue with Him

  102. Jennifer says:

    Gold and silvery white are the primary colors symbolizing the keys to the Kingdom given to St. Peter. see Matthew 16:19. Why do you ask?

    I still recommend you attend some Masses. Youth often grow impatient with all the readings and homily in the Mass. Even many Catholics don’t develop a real love for the Mass until adulthood. You cannot depend upon memories of a few Christmas Masses from your youth. Especially since you likely had no understanding of what was happening.

    Also, I think your instincts were right when you said “i always wanted to do more on Xmas than eat chips and dip and caviar. I had a hunger for Jesus.” I understand that hunger is what drove you to go to Mass in the first place. Well it is that hunger that brings us Catholics back again and again. Our deep love of the Lord draws us to Him in the Sacraments.

    Do I have a personal relationship with Jesus? ABSOLUTELY!!! Have I been born again? MOST CERTAINLY!
    I don’t understand why other Christians think that Catholic Christians are not “born again” and don’t have personal relationships with Jesus. It is just another example of people passing judgement on others out of ignorance. If you really want to get to know us rather than just wanting to change us or win an argument against us you might begin to see the truth.

  103. wayne says:

    Hi Jennifer.Do you have a best friend or a brother or a sister? can you tell me one of thier names?

  104. wayne says:

    I almost forgot. Jennifer, purple and scarlet are official colors. here is an excerpt from catholic answers……It is appropriate for Catholic clerics to wear purple and scarlet, if for no other reason because they have been liturgical colors of the true religion since ancient Israel.

  105. wayne says:

    Dear Jennifer, dont count on me joining the catholic religion. I just cant get into the statues and the holymen with big robes and the icons and gold cups and what not.

  106. Joe Hargrave says:


    No one here is going to join you in your anti-Catholic bigotry and sectarian Protestantism, so, why don’t you go find something better to do?

  107. wayne says:

    Brother Joe, have you noticed that i ask folks here to go to Jesus and ask him for salvation? Is this what you calll anti-catholic? You have spoken well my brother. because the cathoilc church doesnt want you to go to Jesus. They want you to go to Mary and all sorts of dead people. Joe, get on your knees and pray to dead people all you have my blessing.Joe , this is my something better to do, warn my brothers and sisters.You seem to Hate the message of Jesus saves. cause you love the message of idols get on your rusty knees and pray to those idols

  108. wayne says:

    Joe is symtomatic of the catholic problem. 99.99% of faithfull catholics dont know what is going on behind the curtians.Most of my childhood friends were catholic and i looked up to them.They didnt do drugs and they did chores like yardwork and pool cleaning.Most of us had pools.Look behing the curtains. have any of you bible scholars heard of the black pope? Dont take my word for any of it…search it on internet, then get back with….BLACK POPE

  109. Joe Hargrave says:

    “Joe is symtomatic of the catholic problem.”

    I don’t think I could have asked for a nicer compliment. Thank you 🙂

    And, I’ll be sure to throw in some extra prayers to “dead people” on your behalf. You can thank me later.

  110. wayne says:

    let me be honest. Joe hates me because if im rite, all his family who have passed away have no salvation. That hurts.The best he can do now is save himself, and that is thru Jesus himself, not thru gold cups or statues or icons. Are you bible scholars aware that when jesus whipped the money changers and what not out of the temple, that most of them were selling religious items? Jesus hates religious items. Catholic loves religious items.Hence, anti christ behaviour.

  111. wayne says:

    Bro Joe, i dont want to see you unsaved in the last day.You have to ask Jesus for the answer in some quiet time you have. mAYBE BEFOR BED.Dont listen to me. Ask Jesus to show you the way.

  112. wayne says:

    Joe is most likely a wonderfull person who loves God. As are most catholics. i was unsaved also. I was congregationalist. It meant nothing.But in the judgement, those who claim god god wont enter heaven because Jesus didnt know them.Gold trinkets and incense wont get you a personal relation with Christ.

  113. Joe Hargrave says:

    Are you finished?

  114. I’m at least glad to see that, however unsaved we Catholics may be, we have better spelling, grammar and capitalization abilities.

  115. Terrence says:

    Wayne I have been away for the past few days-you have posted 24X in the past 7 days- I see you still hate the Catholic Church; your “space bar” is still acting-up, and you continue to berate everyone who makes a comment you do not agree with.

    Here is where we are tonight, at least you and me. You read the bible. (given to you by the Catholic Church, that took 400 years to compile, and another 1000 years before it went to the printing press). You deny that. You have been saved. And according to you there is no universal “Katholikos”,(gk)Church.

    When I pray the Rosary in front of the abortion clinic next week, I will say an “Ave Maria”, for your
    salvation. And on my Chotki beads, “Lord Jesus Christ, Son of God have mercy on me, a sinner”, for myself.

    God bless Jennifer, Joe, Donald, Terry and all my Roman Catholic friends.

  116. Jennifer says:

    Wayne, I have several best friends, two sisters and a brother. Don’t see the need to share their names with you. They are all friends in Christ and most of them are also Catholic.

  117. Jennifer says:

    Wayne, You are mistaken about the official colors of the Vatican. They are yellow and white as I stated. What you refer to are LITURGICAL colors and there are several more than just scarlet and purple. Liturgical colors are quite different than the official Vatican colors which you would know if you had any understanding of the Catholic faith and liturgy.

  118. Jennifer says:

    Wayne, Catholics are not required to get into statues and icons – they are mere symbols. I’m not sure what you mean by the holy men with big robes – if you are referring to Bishops etc. there is no assumption that they are holy and we know that they are only human just as Christ’s first disciples were flawed. Many abandoned Him and went back to their old ways when he told them His flesh is food indeed and His blood is drink indeed. Of the twelve that remained, one betrayed Him, one denied Him and all but one abandoned Him during His passion. Even after His resurection, one persisted in disbelieving until He was provided with physical proof. Why should we expect their predecessors to be any better than the men hand picked by our Lord?
    You have a great deal of misconceptions about the Church.

  119. Jennifer says:

    Wayne, I find great joy that the ACA has asked to join the Catholic Church and I also praise God when he fills someone like you with so many questions about our faith. Perhaps in your efforts to get to the bottom of things you will actually discover the Truth (Jesus Christ) and come into full communion with Him in His one holy Catholic and Apostolic Church against which the gaits of hell will not prevail, not ever, past, present or future.

    Jesus said the God of Abraham, Isaac and Moses is God of the living, not the dead, so we know that those who have died and gone to heaven are alive and we do not worship them but ask them to pray for us just as we ask people around us who we think may have a special relationship with Jesus to pray for us. That is what is meant by the communion of saints in the Apostles Creed which most Christions proclaim – not just Catholics.

    Peace be with you.

  120. Jennifer says:

    Terrence, God bless you also and may the Holy Spirit guide you and provide you with all the Graces He can bestow as you pray at the abortion mill. I am a prayer partner for a couple ladies who pray at the mills. Can’t go in person because I am disabled, unable to drive, and am dependent on others for transportation – also at high risk of having a seizure if exposed to the elements for very long. So I offer my suffering up in union with Christ’s suffering on behalf of those who pray or counsel at the sidewalk, the men and women who are contemplating abortion, and for all the so-called doctors and nurses who provide those murderous services. God can turn even the most hardened of hearts.

    I think the fact that the Catholic Church is vertually the only one that has never wavered in its position on the evils of abortion and contraception is one of the reasons other Christians are softening towards us and coming home to the only faith that holds the fullness of truth, not just selected fragments.

  121. Foxfier says:

    let me be honest. Joe hates me

    If you actually believe that, you’ve got a greatly inflated notion of the effect you may have. His last post is good advice if you have no intent to listen as well as talk.

    He DISAGREES with you because you are wrong, and may be annoyed that you will not engage rationally or work with facts–or he may have shrugged and forgotten all about you.

    He did probably care more than most, since he seems to have done more than scan your wave of posts.

    Jennifer… you’re nuts, and a better person than I.

  122. wayne says:

    Jennifer and others, my aim is not to pick on your religion.Though its a easy one to find fault with. My aim is to exhort you to go straight to the source< Jesus, for salvation instead of depending on any organization. The reason for the history reminders were to make you think about if the catholic church can actually save you or even does it have the ability to dish god out. No man or org has god in a can and can serve him at will. Just do me a favor, think about it for a while. Jennifer, keep on with your battle againt the baby killers.

  123. shacoria says:


  124. Terry says:

    It seems I heard that there has already been some applications to the vatican. Can anyone verify this or have I been dreaming?

  125. I need to know much about the church historically and current affairs.

  126. Terry says:

    Raphael when you see wayne’s post just ignore it. He hasn’t a clue what the catholic church is about. There are books I am sure will give you pure history of the church. If you are interested in theological history from the first few centuries you would have to read the Fathers and Doctors of the Church. To get a feel for the overall faith and to get basics on the attitude of current affairs get the Catechism of the Catholic Church.

  127. Thomas says:

    Benedict XVI moved to receive members of the Anglican Communion into the church without even speaking of it to the Archbishop of Canterbury beforehand. He also repeated the questionable assertion that Anglican orders are invalid.Benedict is a genius? None of this seems wise to me.

    In addition, the hierarchy worldwide, as well as Benedict have so completely and dishonorably managed the sex abuse scandal, that I cannot understand where I fit in the church. The usual tactic was followed: stonewall and all will pass. Everything has to come out. Now! Or there will be no healing over the long-term.

    Everyone needs to come to Rome? What prideful deceit!

  128. Tito Edwards says:


    He was approached by Anglicans wanting nothing to do with Canterbury.

    As far as Anglican orders being invalid, that was said by an earlier pope (and was correct).

    With your ‘sex’ scandal comments, that means your really not looking to engage in dialogue, just vitriol.

  129. Foxfier says:

    …the “poaching” thing, AGAIN?!?

    How come it always ends up applied to Catholics, I wonder, but never…oh…any Catholic converted out? Ooh, can’t use that as a hammer, never mind.

  130. Chris M says:

    You’re not convincing anyone. You’re not angering anyone. No one here is impressed by your blustering ignorance. I’m not sure what your intention or goal was in posting, but all you’re doing is making a public global record of your idiocy. It’s rather sad.

  131. Tito Edwards says:


    Ditto Chris M.

    You’ll regret what you posted if you ever bother to do any research.

  132. wayne says:

    Ok Tito my friend, fair enough. Ill do research. In the meantime, disprove anything i said. I dont mean documentation, just tell me what statement,phrase or word i said was incorrect. I get this same stuff on other sites.They just say im wrong or ignorant, usually both. Tell me what you disagree with. Thanks for your time

  133. Foxfier says:

    Wayne- you spend time picking fights with poor logic because your unicorn has a flat and the elves aren’t calling back.

    Disprove anything I just said.

  134. Donald R. McClarey says:

    “Wayne- you spend time picking fights with poor logic because your unicorn has a flat and the elves aren’t calling back.”

    Brilliant Foxfier! I am going to steal that gem for future use.

  135. Chris M says:


    As a fellow Christian, I apologize for the “idiocy” comment. It was mean and uncalled for. I appreciate your intent to do some research.. BUT.. if you’re researching with a hermeneutic of suspicion (IOW, you already KNOW you’re right and you’re just looking for ammo), it won’t do anyone any good since you’ll only see what you want to see. Try reading to see what we believe from OUR point of view, instead of one colored by your own particular beliefs and experiences.

  136. Foxfier says:

    just a pet peeve. (one in a huge flock I can’t seem to cull)

    Someone making claims should provide evidence, not demand others do it for them.

  137. wayne says:

    Well, you guys are batting %100. I made 3 accusations about catholic church and not one of you has the hutzspa to say any one is wrong. Images…the catholic churches and websites are full of them.When god came down on the mount when the israelis left egypt, he didnt show any likeness of himself lest the people make am image to venerate it.Which he doesnt want at all. Tell me im wrong.The priesthood is a homosexual fraternaty….some one tell me im wrong.Ok there are a few straight priest, thats given. Idols, arent the catholic churches filled with statues from small to big? Someone tell me im wrong. Calling me names wont clear those idols out of your church.

  138. Foxfier says:

    some one tell me im wrong

    You’re wrong.


  139. wayne says:

    Im happy now. Thanks Fox

  140. wayne says:

    Here is my point. We all want salvation. The way to do it is ask Christ himself to reveal himself to you. Dont waste valuable time expecting others to do it for you.

  141. Tito Edwards says:


    You need to back up your accusations with evidence.

  142. wayne says:

    Tito, give you evidence? My friend, are you handicapped? Can you see? Just asking. Just walk into a catholic church and look around. You will see statues applenty.Iconic pictures also. By the tons.Im i wrong? My girlfriend is catholic. From new jersey. She fills me in on what i dont know. She hates the catholic church now. Then there is this monsterance(good name) that the wizard(priest) turns a wafer into the actual body of christ.Ive seen peole on their knees praying and singing to that golden trinket on EWTN. Go ahead, say it aint so.ou are asking me if the catholic church has statues? Any one in here can answer that. Shabby way to go about this my friend Tito. If you are embarrased of your religion, find a good bible believing church in your area. I can help you if you live in the USA

  143. Donald R. McClarey says:


    The term is monstrance, you idiot. It is used to hold the body of Christ.

    Tito, I think that far too much time has been wasted on this dim witted bigot. It is your thread, but I think he should be banned. He is unable to argue effectively, expresses himself clumsily and is so ill-informed as to be comic. Aside from unintentional humor, he has nothing to offer other than raw hate.

  144. Foxfier says:

    Begging the question: you take as given that icons and statues are idols.

    Appeal to authority, or possibly hearsay: your girlfriend was Catholic and now hates the Church.

    Argument by definition: you define Transubstantiation as invalid, and define the Body of Christ as a mere “wafer.”

    You are incorrect about EWTN showing people worshiping a “golden trinket.” I’m going to guess you mean Eucharistic Adoration, since you mention a monstrance. (That is the holder, not the “wafer.”)

    Jesus said: this is my body, this is my blood. Do this in memory of me.

    It is His body.

    Argue with Him.

  145. Terry says:

    Mike I liked your comment however I would like to see him go looking to prove he’s right because I would bet he can’t. A couple of pretty well known names tried just that and became a couple of very staunch catholics, I’m thinking of John Henry Neumann and Scott Hahn. They are the tip of the iceberg.

    Wayne You are so far off on our comments it is unbelievable. You can’t seem to get it into your head that the root of the church is the faith, not people.

    As Christ told the apostles I will be with you until the end of time. So keep ranting, and when you are through you will be gone and the Catholic Church will still be here. May the Holy Spirit come on you and show you the way to the truth.

  146. Tito Edwards says:


    Until you begin to offer evidence your comments will not be approved for viewing.

  147. fabiole says:

    I assume you are a card carrying Protestant? In the age of the internet I’m surprised that you are so ignorant. You should spend time doing some serious research regarding the things you have been saying about the Catholic Church. Your answers are from the 1800s and 1900s when information about anything and everything was not readily availiable to the serious researcher.
    Have you ever wondered why the Supreme Court now has five Catholics and possibly three Jewish Justices? It’s not even the brain power. It’s the ability to use natural law and common sense. You are sound as if you have no ability to think logically. By the way statues are just beautiful remembers of great people that have long past our way. Washington DC has tons of statutes. Get over it. Many of them are beautiful works of art and a great monument to our civilization.

  148. Johannim says:

    Touche Tito Edwards,It may help to tell our blogging Catholic hater he is in good company with every 20th century athiest and so-called progressive secular in his boring vitriol against the Catholic church, this Catholic hating is so new york times. A reminder that it was the Catholic & Orthodox church before the sad split that canonized the present Christian Bible. statues in a Catholic church are JUST THAT statues, and as pointed out reminders of those great men & women that went before us, as are Ikons in Orthodoxy. Tito you have infinitely more patience than I have towards Catholic haters, my language would have been a hell of a lot more colourful, Mea Culpa

  149. wayne says:

    Im not a catholic hater. I am an historian. I remind or teach history. Its your idea that i hate. But what has the CC done over the yrs? Kill bible believers and so forth. Call me names but the Cc history remains the same.

  150. Tito Edwards says:


    If you know history why do you continue to lie.

  151. wayne says:

    Brother Tito, glad to talk to you. Why dont you tell me what you think is a lie? Then i can document it.You just say i lie without saying what im lieing about. Im open to being corrected. Thanks for talking to me.

  152. sal says:

    The facts remain the same:
    Roman Catholicism represents a radical departure from original/authentic Christianity. I’m not supposing Christianity doesn’t ‘develop’ or progress through time and assume new forms. But Catholicism under Rome has actually altered the essence of Christianity.
    From reading teh New Testament, no one would ever get a sense of Mary that is understood at Rome. In fact, scripture is such that it doesn’t permit the evolution of such an idea. Neither would one assume a devotion to Mary based on a faithful and informed reading of the N.T.
    Abstention from marriage and certain foods as commanded by church leaders is a departure from apostolic orthodoxy. The Greek church seems to recognize this at least in relation to marriage for priests.
    The Roman chruch was the only major church available for much of European history, and it was tolerated and even enjoyed. But when it developed beyond certain scriptural parameters and grew corrupt, other churches formed. Apostolic continuity depends on the maintenance of Christianity under the leadership of the church. If the leaders have succession but are in possession of alien beliefs, there is no real succession. The leaders and sacraments may be in place, but the religion has basically altered, and it is a sham. The most important thing here is to correctly understand the essence of Christianity and the church. If people understand that, I think they can then grasp much else. But it is like a gestalt switch.

  153. Foxfier says:

    So, you’re deciding that the organized Christianity that has been around since before there was a collected NT is a radical departure, based on your own reading of the NT.

    The same NT that, by the way, has Jesus doing his first big public miracle…because his mom said to….

    How about some citations with exactly where it’s departed and why you think things are impossible or obvious?

  154. sal says:

    Yes, God’s people played a role in scripture and its canonization. That is most certainly true.
    However, I am not basing anything on my own ‘take’ or ‘read.’
    Mary was his mother and things of course played themselves out on a human plane too–we acknowledge that and are glad–God incarnated himself and dwelt with us. He becdame like one of us.
    The Roman church didn’t significantly depart at once. It took time and depending on who you read through the centuries will probably determine where you place the final ‘departure.’
    But to say a profound break with Christianity ocurred by 1300-1500 AD is certainly not unreasonable.
    This will depend on what parts of Europe, what aspects of Roman Catholicism we cite, etc.
    Things like this don’t get pinned down precisely. But like the flu, you know it when it’s there.
    Hope that helps.

  155. Foxfier says:

    You said that reading the NT made it clear the Church had departed from the “original” and “authentic” Christianity.

    You still haven’t offered the citations and reasoning.

    Barring any sort of rational support, you’re in the “I don’t like it so I’m grasping” camp.

    Shoot, you specifically call out our treatment of Mary, going so far as to say: scripture is such that it doesn’t permit the evolution of such an idea.

    You claimed it; support it.

  156. Donald R. McClarey says:

    “But to say a profound break with Christianity ocurred by 1300-1500 AD is certainly not unreasonable.”

    Not reasonable and ahistoric. The essential dogmas of the Catholic Church were well established by the end of the Fifth Century, including Marian devotion. The Catholic Church that you claim is a radical departure from Christianity is the original Christian Church. All other Christian sects and denominations are breakaways from the Catholic Church, or breakaways from breakaways.

  157. Tito Edwards says:


    Where are the citations from the NT you claim?

    You’re making up information out of thin air.

  158. sal says:

    Concerning Marian devotion:
    1. Some of scripture demonstrates Mary’s influence upon Jesus.
    2. Other aspects of the N.T. highlight the relativity of things in light of the fulfillment–e.g. here are my mother, brother and sisters–those who do my will.
    e.g. Blessed is she who gave you suck: nay, rather….

    What’s really fundamental here is not which verses we highlight, but the overall tenor or gist if you get what I mean.

    As for the year 500, I don’t really think so.
    Patristic writings use Mary as symbol and there is talk of Eve, sin and newness, etc. This is in keeping with the patristic / greco approach of the use of analogous thought. As Chirst was the new Adam, so let’s have one for Mary/ Eve. THAT SHOULD NOT BE VIEWED ANACHRONISTICALLY (READING BACK INTO HISTORY A LATER DEVELOPMENT THAT WAS MORE MEDIEVAL).
    Hope that helps.

  159. Foxfier says:

    you claimed that the scripture would not allow it.

    Support your claim with evidence, not more claims.

    All you are doing is hand-waving.

  160. sal says:

    OK then. I take it you want the simple answer. Concerning Marian devotion:
    1. God Father, Son and Holy Ghost requires our full devotion.
    2. Devotion to any saint who’s gone on to glory will sidetrack us; that is idolatry and we are warned of it at the conclusion of the epistle to Jude.
    3. Apparitions have become a part of Marian devotion.
    Attempted communication with a saint who’s gone on can result in contact with an unlean spirit. (If we or an angel from heaven, as Paul says, should proclaim to you a gospel other than what you’ve received, let them be cursed.
    Does that address it satisfactorily?

  161. Foxfier says:

    You made the claim scripture is such that it doesn’t permit the evolution of such an idea; you still have not supported that claim, let alone the rest of it.

    Support your claim– you have yet to cite a single specific writing.

  162. sal says:

    OK then. Scripture delineates Mary—by the end of the BIblical narrative we have an idea of her. That idea is completely out of harmony with what evolved through Roman Catholic tradition. So the N.T. gives us this story and through it we learn of her role. Then the Roman church describes her another way, affording to her a different character, new attributes and a place in the cult of worship. The Roman church takes i.t upon itself to do all of this. Of course it happens gradually, but that’s the issue–it sort of comes in through the back door.
    Scripture also doesn’t permit devotion to angels or those who’ve gone on to glory. E.G. Paul warns readers not to get caught up in the worship of angels. Saints who go to be with the Lord are now absent from us E.G. to be absent from the body is to be present with the Lord. Do you need more verses?

  163. Donald R. McClarey says:

    “As for the year 500, I don’t really think so.”

    I know you don’t think so and you are wrong. Popular devotion to Mary long predated the Council of Ephesus in 431. Here are a few quotations from early Church Fathers regarding the Blessed Virgin:

  164. Tito Edwards says:


    Point to me in the Bible where the Catholic Church put what Mary said as “gospel”?

    Do you even know how Sacred Scripture was put together?

  165. sal says:

    Some of those quotations are aptly spoken. Others are idolotrous. But these things didn’t crystallize into dogma until very much later.

  166. sal says:

    Some Marian dogma wasn’t actually pronounced officially until the nineteenth century.

  167. sal says:

    That’s why I don’t consider teh Roman church as having had a Marian DEVOTION by 500 AD.

  168. Foxfier says:

    Sal, you have still not supported your claim with the actual writings.

    Is it really this difficult? Why do you keep trying to change the topic?

  169. sal says:

    By actual writings do you mean scripture? or the quotations at the website?

  170. Donald R. McClarey says:

    “Some of those quotations are aptly spoken. Others are idolotrous.”

    And that is your problem. The Christian Church from the earliest times is the Catholic Church. Marian devotion is not something that came about in the Middle Ages, but is something that existed from the earliest times, just like belief in the real presence, confession as a sacrament, etc. Blessed Cardinal Newman said that to be deep into history is to cease to be Protestant. Hold whatever beliefs you wish, but it is intellectually dishonest to attempt to separate the Catholic Church from the early Church. The two are one and the same.

  171. Foxfier says:

    I say again:
    give your specific sources.

    Over and over again, you offer different versions of “I think scripture means” without even offering chapter and verse of what you claim as source.

    Again, as I have from my first reply to you:
    How about some citations with exactly where it’s departed and why you think things are impossible or obvious?
    You still haven’t offered the citations and reasoning.

  172. sal says:


    I am an historian–I hold a degree in European history. Of course, we don’t want to be guilty of beoing ahistoric-I understand where the cardinal was coming from. That’s why I don’t say the Roman church departed from Christianity at once everywhere. In fact, I hold out the hope that it will be renewed and restored–even if that means people exiting it and beginning anew. Unity in the Spirit and organizational uniformity are two different things. I’m not claiming that the Catholic church was never Christian or that it can’t some day be so again. All I’m saying is that officially it departed by a certain point along the historical timeline.



  173. Foxfier says:

    Sal, you made claims, claims about readings from a single text.

    Prove it. Stop trying to hand-wave it away, stop trying to shift the conversation, stop trying to shift the burden of evidence.

    We even narrowed it down so you can focus, laser-like, on a single subtopic: scripture is such that it doesn’t permit the evolution of such an idea, that idea being how the modern Church treats Mary.

  174. sal says:

    First John concludes with this exhortation: keep away from anything that might take God’s place in your hearts—another translation has it as keep away from idols (I paraphrase).

    Romans 1:25 says: they traded the truth of God for a lie and worshiped and served created things rather than the creator who is forever praised.

  175. sal says:

    Of course it can be reversed–where would one get the assumption that one could innovate concerning Mary? After all, the thought never crossed MY mind.
    Do you see what I’m saying here?

  176. Tito Edwards says:


    The burden of proof is upon you to prove your theory.

    (18) And I tell you, you are Peter, and on this rock I will build my church, and the powers of death shall not prevail against it. (19) I will give you the keys of the kingdom of heaven, and whatever you bind on earth shall be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven.”

    –Holy Gospel of Saint Matthew 16:18-19

    I have to go meet up with a friend, but I’ll be back in three hours and see if you can provide any evidence at all, historical or scriptural.

  177. Foxfier says:

    Argument and citation, Sal.

    Throwing out a paraphrase and a single out of context verse is not even a decent citation, let alone an argument, and is far from strong enough for the statements you offered when you started.

    Romans 1:25 (context)
    25They exchanged the truth of God for a lie, and worshiped and served created things rather than the Creator—who is forever praised. Amen.

    1 John 5:13-21
    13I write these things to you who believe in the name of the Son of God so that you may know that you have eternal life. 14This is the confidence we have in approaching God: that if we ask anything according to his will, he hears us. 15And if we know that he hears us—whatever we ask—we know that we have what we asked of him.
    16If anyone sees his brother commit a sin that does not lead to death, he should pray and God will give him life. I refer to those whose sin does not lead to death. There is a sin that leads to death. I am not saying that he should pray about that. 17All wrongdoing is sin, and there is sin that does not lead to death.

    18We know that anyone born of God does not continue to sin; the one who was born of God keeps him safe, and the evil one cannot harm him. 19We know that we are children of God, and that the whole world is under the control of the evil one. 20We know also that the Son of God has come and has given us understanding, so that we may know him who is true. And we are in him who is true—even in his Son Jesus Christ. He is the true God and eternal life.

    21Dear children, keep yourselves from idols.

  178. sal says:

    Sir, it’s really very simple I think. I’m not one of those Protestants who wants always to begin and end with scriptural verses as if the whole debate were in relation to a scientifically precise or logical puzzle. I’m supposing, and I believe rightly, that to evolve a sense or definition of Mary beyond scripture is unwarranted (and that to elevate her to a place of status beyond that to which the Christian story itself has placed her is to commit error). Once again, I think it’s really about what the Bible has to way, but not necessarily in some precise or literal way. When we read the gospels a certain idea about Mary ought to emerge in peoples’ minds. We all ought to share a basic conception of her and that conception, regardless of faith tradition, goes something like this: Mary walked with God. She faithfully waited upon the Lord and when He spoke she listened and responded with obedience. Hence God chose her as a vessel through which Christ was born into the world. Now Mary, because she was holy–a child of God–is with him in heaven. And of course, this is in itself totallyt awesome. But scripture has here given us a portrait of Mary which must reign us in, so to speak. We are not at liberty to devise a radically new conception of her. Neither are we free to create a cult of devotion around her. The story itself has bound us you see–unless of course one wishes to rewrite the story.

  179. Foxfier says:

    Sir, it’s really very simple I think.

    That is probably the root of the problem: you made a claim of evidence, when it is really just an “I think.”

    You stated that it was not permitted by scripture.

    Now, you say that it’s not in “some precise or literal way.”

    Again, I ask:
    can you give evidence and argument, as you claimed, from the New Testament?

  180. sal says:

    Now concerning Peter, the keys, the church, etc., all of this is used as a figure of speech. God wants to communicate to his followers that Peter in his weakness is strong; though he appears timid, God mightily works in him. Christ has Peter say what Christ already knows is in his heart–Jesus is the Christ–the Messiah–the Anointed One. And if he is, we can go nowhere else. Regardless of what others say, Peter at this moment acknowledges his Lord. And it is upon that Rock (not Peter alone who has been considered but a pebble, but Peter plus his confession: that Rock) that CHrist will build his church. And his church will not be overcome–it’s victorious in the Christ of God.
    Now the keys given are a sign of the authority which belongs to the church–the church is the pillar and ground of the truth and what is decided there, if it be God’s will, is then ratified in heaven.

  181. sal says:

    My use of “I think” was in an effort to sound polite.
    I’m sorry if that was misunderstood.

  182. Foxfier says:

    And my quote of it was a simple rhetorical device to politely point out that you have still not supported your claims with anything but more claims.

    You say you have a degree in history; would your professors have really let you get away with this personal experience as proof? Hand-waving away any need for evidence? Broad and grandiose statements, rather than reason and the actual sources?

  183. sal says:

    When blogging it just simply isn’t practical. And I don’t have books at hand.
    However, if you’ve read everything I’ve written, it’s all based upon written sources–we’re not talking about personal experience here, at least as far as I can tell.

  184. sal says:

    The evidence I have may not have been presented in the form you would prefer, but it is there. Go back through the dialogue and you’ll be able to glean lots of evidence.

  185. Foxfier says:

    And I don’t have books at hand.

    The site I linked has a huge number of Bible versions.

    You made claims about the New Testament. There’s the books. Go for it.

    . Go back through the dialogue and you’ll be able to glean lots of evidence.

    If it is there, why do you not glean it yourself, organize it and post?

    When blogging it just simply isn’t practical.

    It’s incredibly easy; here is a page that explains how to do links, here is code for formating the text. (A list usable of HTML tags is below the comment box, as well.)
    You can also simply cite Bible verses and version.

  186. sal says:

    I’ve already given you food for thought. I’d like you to digest some of it in Christian love.

    If you haven’t already caught the gist of what I’m saying by now, the issue may have to do with one of the following:
    1. Differing paradigms—and here I include how people understand the role of tradition and the nature of the chruch and such things.
    2. Style of argumentation–what I’m noticing is that you seek to communicate and search for evicdence in a certain way.
    a. literal approach (perhaps similar to the way in which fundamentalists debate) and I’m outside that trajectory somewhat.
    b. use of sources cited on the spot and reasoning greatly on the level of particulars. I’m not Thomistic. I think Aquinas’ approach is highly problematic. To wish always to think in Aristotelian cateogories—I’m goin g to be honest with you—it’snot really the Christian apologetic. Neither is a platonistic approach. To let the Bible simply inform our thinking is probably the best way to go and I think I’ve been assuming that’s the way to debate. And I think you’ve been assuming it’s not. That may be part of the issue too.
    What do you think?

  187. Foxfier says:

    I’ve already given you food for thought.

    No, you made claims and failed to support them.

    When challenged, you tried to change the topic, shift the conversation, shift the burden of evidence, use an appeal to authority to bolster your standing and then tried to claim you had already given enough information.

    This is not food for thought, this is standard operating procedure for those who are not accustomed to having to support their claims with anything but bluster.

    There is also a rather thick ribbon of attempts to appeal to emotion or ad hominems. (Implying that offering quotes to support a claim is something “those” Protestants do, frequent urging to ‘read closely’ or again, etc)

    You have made claims.
    Support them.

  188. sal says:

    OK—in 2 Corinthians Chapter 11 verses 3 and 4 it reads: But I fear that somehow your pure and undivided devotion to Christ will be corrupted just as Eve was deceived by the cujnign ways of the serpent. You happily put up with whatever anyone tells you, even if they preach a different jesus than the one we preah, or a different kind of spirit than the one you received, or a different kind of gospel than the one you believed.

    Now, things don’t usually occur in exactly the same way. But a similar theme was underway here in the early church. Defection can and does come from within the ranks. Things change. People change. Ideas change. Organizational structure changes. Paul wrote to churches that were dynamically changing. Some were orthodox in some ways. Some were quite unorthodox in some ways. Some were beset with problems and in danger of death. A church can go through the stages we do–it begins, grows, sickens and dies. The universal church of course continues.

  189. sal says:

    Another example–check out Revelation Chaps. 1-3 where John addresses the seven churches of Asia Minor. Each is held to the standard. The last one (Laodicea) is not lively–its lampstand removed. A church, such as the church at Rome, can die. So can a local Baptist church.

  190. Foxfier says:

    But I am afraid that, as the serpent deceived Eve 4 by his cunning, your thoughts may be corrupted from a sincere (and pure) commitment to Christ.
    For if someone comes and preaches another Jesus 5 than the one we preached, or if you receive a different spirit from the one you received or a different gospel from the one you accepted, you put up with it well enough.
    6 For I think that I am not in any way inferior to these “superapostles.”
    Even if I am untrained in speaking, I am not so in knowledge; in every way we have made this plain to you in all things. 7

    Ironic you should quote this, as you are showing up and trying to tell us other than what they passed down.

    You do not make an argument for any of the claims you made, either Roman Catholicism represents a radical departure from original/authentic Christianity. or that our respect for Mary is not possible, due to the New Testament.

  191. sal says:

    More examples: 2 Timothy Chap. 3 verses 14-16 read: But you must remain faithful to the things you have been taught. You know they are true for you know you can trust those who taught you. You have been taught the holy Scriptures form childhood, and they have given you the wisdom to receive the salvation that tcomes by trusting in Christ Jesus.l All Scriptre is inspired by God iand is useful to teach us what is true and to make us realize what is wrong in our lives. IT CORRECTS US WHEN WE ARE WRONG ADN TEACHES US TO DO WHAT IS RIGHT. (So it is a kind of measuring rod, if you will).

  192. Foxfier says:

    Revelation chapters 1-3?

    As evidence that “a Church can die”?

    This is not “another” example, this is grasping at straws.

  193. sal says:

    Here is a further example: 2 Timothy Chapter 4 verses 3-4 read; For a time is coming when people will no longer listen to sound and wholesome teaching. They will follow their own desires and will look for teachers who will tell them whativer their itching ears want to hear. They will reject the truth and chase after myths.


  194. Foxfier says:

    All scripture is inspired by God and is useful for teaching, for refutation, for correction, and for training in righteousness,
    so that one who belongs to God may be competent, equipped for every good work.

    Still, you do not make your argument.

    Organize your quotes and argument and post an argument and citation that actually supports even one of your claims.

  195. sal says:

    Paul warns his listeneres and readers–the warning is in favor of a conservative tendancy—resist radical innovation.

  196. Foxfier says:

    Like, say, some guy on a message board that claims that his reading of scripture is true and the Church is radically altered into a form that is not in keeping with the New Testament, yet either cannot or will not organize and cite anything to support his claims?

  197. sal says:

    There will come a time when people will condemn marriage and the eating of certain foods.

    The Chruch of Rome has done both those things.

    I’m not saying it was a dirrect prophecy pertaining jsut to tthat. But when Paul or someone states something like that, you can bet it will be a problem in at least one place somehwere down the road.

  198. Foxfier says:

    Now you’re not even trying. Ancient, lame, and doesn’t match up with your prior claims.

  199. sal says:


    You wish to be very rigorous and logical. We’re not dealing with a scientific treatise here. Neither is it a mathematical equation. We’re discussing matters of faith.

    Now I’ve given you something very substantial whcih you’ve chosen to write off:
    Paul prophecied people would come along and forbid marriage and the eating of certain foods. He warned his listeners and readers of this.


    There marriage pronouncement still holds for clergy.

    I’m not sure as to the rules concerning food at this point.

    When Paul brings something like that up, it means it’s going to happen at least once in the future and that people need to tend toward conservatism–resisting serious innovation.

    When a church introduces things that are fundamentally new, it can cease to be a church in the proper sense. I’ve givben you several verses where the Bible expresses this point: A church can cease to be a church because people from within its own ranks introduced new teaching. The church will in that case have sickened and died.

  200. Linus says:

    Paul was a former tax collector, if he said such a thing then as likely as not he was predicting the rise of global statism, opposed to authentic Christian ministry, such as we are witnessing in our own lifetimes, i.e. the promotion of so-called “homosexual marriage,” that is no more than a thinly-veiled attempt to eviscerate monogamous marriage as it has been known throughout civilized history, and the prohibition by civil authorities against individuals consuming whatever foods or substances that they choose, something that would have been strongly authoritarian even under Roman pagan imperialist standards.

  201. Foxfier says:

    Not playing by my own rules?

    I did not state “rules,” I am simply asking, as I have for several hours, that you give citation and a coherent argument for the radical claims you have made.

    You consistently fail to do this, no matter what help I offer.

    Your attempts to bully and manipulate are as pathetic as they are obvious, and you simply cannot manage to stick to a subject, nor can you grasp that you saying “I stated” is not proof.

    You made factual claims, and you keep trying to back them up with your own authority, and seem to be getting frustrated when that is not accepted.

    You eventually threw up a handful of verses that were slightly related, grabbed an old anti-Catholic saw. (which is extensively debunked at the link, chapter and verse)

    When that didn’t work, you threw a fit and tried to claim cheating.

    Make your argument, and support it.

  202. sal says:

    Linus–I think you are thinking of one of the other apostles.

    Foxfier–I’ve already made many arguments and have supported them too.

    A rigorously logical approach will not get at the core of the issue. It’s not mathematics and it’s not even science. A Spirit-guided and prayerful reading of scripture is in order. What we should be after, as I see it, is the morphology or grammar of things. When you see the broader shape of Christianity, the incidentals will fall into place.


  203. Joe Hargrave says:

    No one can pull one over on Foxfier 🙂

    Hands down the best debater here at TAC.

  204. sal says:

    Now I shall retire. I’m in need of some nourishment and a good night’s rest.

    The Lord bless all of you!
    Praise to God!

  205. Donald R. McClarey says:

    Bravo Foxfier! If you ever wanted to go over to the Dark Side and become an attorney, you would be formidable in cross examination!

  206. Foxfier says:


    Just tired of folks dancing around going “I can, I can… I did, didn’t you see it, you fool?!”

  207. Don the Kiwi says:

    If sal is a history teacher, I’m super sorry for her students.
    If what she has posted here is her sum knowledge of debating the Truth of the Catholic Church, the kids she teaches will be loaded up with subjective interpretations of what is written by any historian.

    Like what the revisionists are teaching in Japan WRT the attack on Pearl Harbour. And of course, the Crusades were a cowardly and unprovoked attack on the peace loving, Jew and Christian friendly Muslims of that time.

  208. sal says:

    Someone has not paid attention to the comments. Christianity can not be decided through logical debate. It is a matter of faith–and faith will beget understanding. As Anselm stated: I believe because it is absurd.

  209. sal says:

    As Spengler remarked, Anselm was able to say that because the West was in its “springtime.” But at a later point Aquinas would have us tied up in syllogisms. And that is what I’m trying to argue against. If you are strictly bound by logic, Christianity will make no sense whatsoever. Even Jesuitical theory acknowledges that a point exists where one must ‘make the leap.’

  210. Foxfier says:

    1) “Credo quia absurdum”– “I believe because it is absurd”– is a famous misquote of Tertullian’s credibile est, quia ineptum est .

    2) Anselm is associated with the notion that God is “that than which nothing greater can be thought”.

    Anselm was famous for apply reason to faith.

  211. sal says:

    What has Athens to do with Jerusalem?

  212. Foxfier says:

    To claim the authority of the scriptures, you have to actually use them, Sal. Not flail around and talk about you, you, you.

  213. sal says:

    Judaism was a faith-based religion. People believed in God–they placed their hope and trust in him. He seemed hidden as much as he seemed revealed. Jesus claimed he was his son which made further demands upon faith–what reason could make sense of that?

  214. Foxfier says:

    The scriptures are authoritative; why have you still not used them to prove your claims?

  215. sal says:

    When Isaac was called upon to sacrifice his son through whom his progeny would come–and thereby the promises–reason was of little if any value. Of course Abraham reasoned that God could raise the dead as we learn in Hebrews, but that in itself really amounted to faith. For God to give life to the dead and to do so at that time in God’s plan was a remarkably faith-inspired idea—one that a person would not arrive at through logic.

  216. sal says:

    Well, yes they are authoritative—I’m glad we agree on that!

    I guess if you wish to prove a claim in relation to Mary it would be this: Where in the authoritative N.T. do we find a devotion to her, the ever-virgin status, the assumption, etc.?

    So the burden, I believe, would be on one to explain how the ideas arose and became dogmatized.

  217. sal says:

    Also, given St. Augustine’s insight which we generally term original sin, how could Mary be sinless? Applying logic, and here goes because you wanted this, each parent before here would have to hae been without sin going back to aDAM AND eVE. You see what I mean?

  218. Foxfier says:

    Where in the Bible do you get this sola scriptura notion that it must be in the NT? Do you not understand that “authoritative” means true and accurate, not “the only possible source”?

    The Church was established by the Bible; it is on you to support your claim that she has, as you originally claimed, radically changed.

  219. Foxfier says:

    Stop trying to change the subject, Sal.

  220. sal says:

    If a church begets notions that are not already in the canon, and the canon is closed, and no one assumes it’s ongoing, and then there are these novel notions——tell me, is one to assume they are a continuation of Christian thought?
    I think not.
    If the notions are novel, and Paul was forever warning his congregants of that potential, then Christianity is being altered.

  221. sal says:


  222. Joe Hargrave says:

    “Christianity can not be decided through logical debate.”

    So is that your premise or your conclusion?

  223. Foxfier says:

    You jump from “the Bible is authoritative” to all of that.

    You’re trying to change the subject, again.


    Like the one that you are promoting, since you have thus far been unable to support your claims.

  224. Joe Hargrave says:

    Because it seems to me that you have a premise (a false one, but a premise still), from which you draw a conclusion.

    It seems to me you’re making a logical argument.

    All Fox is doing is asking you to support your premise with facts. She’s not even asking for a logical argument. She’s asking for facts.

    If you don’t even know the difference between a fact and a syllogism, then it’s no wonder no one can make any sense of you.

  225. Linus says:

    Yeah, I guess you might be right. I’m more of a James man myself, and certainly no expert on the Bible. It was a stretch for me to try and answer your claims, given your total lack of scriptural reference or even proper grammar. I’ll stand back and let others beat their head against the brick wall for now.

  226. sal says:

    You have established an apologetic approach that is logically-based, I think. And you wish for the argument to proceed along those lines.

    What I am saying is that I am not an advocate of Acquinas and I don’t see matters of the faith in light of logig.

    The otehr issue concerns the quotation of verses. I can not quote a verse in support of something else, at least not usually. That verse is set in a context of its own.

    Regarding premises, yes there is one’s premise concerning tradition and when followed out to its conclusion, it yields separate ones obviously.

  227. sal says:

    So your premise is probably the following: The church yields tradition and that tradition becomes authoritative over time given certain qualifications.

    Mine is the following: The church has tradition (more in the form of baggage) and tradition is more or less ooptional, sometimes desirable and at other times undesirable.

    We need periodically to clean house, so to speak. Semper reformanda.

  228. Foxfier says:

    You have established an apologetic approach that is logically-based, I think.

    I haven’t established anything in this conversation.

    All I have done is asked you to support your statements, using the Bible.

    You have still failed to do this, and keep trying to change the subject, throwing out random verses, well known slanders, radical misquotes and out of context quotes.

    Support your claims– that the Church is radically different and that Marian devotions are absolutely impossible developments from the text of scripture– with the New Testament.

  229. Foxfier says:

    I should clarify: asked you to support your statements about the contents of the Bible with actual statements from the Bible.

    I’m not even limiting you to the New Testament.

  230. sal says:

    So following your format, the conclusions of the two premises would be

    yours: tradition can potentially be on a par with scripture.

    mine: tradition is always subservient to scripture and must be constantly measured against it.
    The upshot here is that tradition is never authoritative, normative, or binding for God’s people. It is always discardable and in fact must be discarded when it becomes a hindrance, e.g. something that conflicts witih the overall tenor of God’s written story–not necessarily a single verse of it.

    Hope that helps.

  231. sal says:

    So we’re not looking at quotes here. We’re dealing with God’s overall story–the larger narrative of his plan with humanity. From Genesis to Revelation we get a sense of the characters, i.e. Mary.

    Mary is in the tradition of a number of excellent faith heroes. She listens for God’s word and responds with obedience. The song speaks of her as the O.T. songs speak of faith giants–Hail, etc. etc. Blessed art thou among women————-in other words she is chosen and special and God works in and through her.

    Now having said that, she is not without sin, she is not–as far as I can tell based on the context of Jesus’ discussion with people in the N.T.—ever-virigin, she is not assumed up like Enoch who is just taken.
    She is not there for a Rosary to develop around her–the symbolism of the Rose does not apply to her on the basis of what we learn in Scripture.

    She is a woman of sorrows and faith, of great joy and pain, and she is ranked with such as were like her.

    But, and there is a big but here, she is not one that scripture anticipated a devotion to.

  232. Foxfier says:

    You still have not backed up your claims, Sal.

    You said:
    Roman Catholicism represents a radical departure from original/authentic Christianity. I’m not supposing Christianity doesn’t ‘develop’ or progress through time and assume new forms. But Catholicism under Rome has actually altered the essence of Christianity.

    Show the radical departure.
    Offer the scriptures that place the Church outside of true Christianity.

    From reading teh New Testament, no one would ever get a sense of Mary that is understood at Rome. In fact, scripture is such that it doesn’t permit the evolution of such an idea. Neither would one assume a devotion to Mary based on a faithful and informed reading of the N.T.

    Supply the scripture that will not permit the evolution of the idea of Mary as she is understood in Rome.
    Offer actual readings which would ban such a development.

  233. sal says:

    The symbolism of the Rose emerges from later Western culture. Around 1100 or so you had what was called the cult of romance and the rose was big. The rose became a tool in the church’s arsenel. It was baptized as it were–given new meaning and eventually applied to Mary.

    Mary was actaully in all probability arranged to be with Joseph through family. So the rose is very much out of place there.

    Because it was ‘sanctified’ the rose finds a place in high literature, including Dante’s paradiso and one can even detect it in cathedral architecture.

    But that is of course all medieval—definitely not a part of the Jewish world of Mary’s day.

  234. Foxfier says:

    New Testament, chapter and verse, Sal.

    Your attempts to change the topic will not work.

    You made big claims, and it’s really obvious to all of us here that you are either unwilling or unable to justify them.

  235. sal says:

    In case I have not done so already, I want to get across the idea that we can not rely on verses or quote minor passages–at least not most of the time.

    Each verse is enmeshed in surrounding verses and so on until, working your way outward by degrees, where back at the whole bible again. And this leads me to my point. I’m sorry if it seems circular, but the Bible IS the word of God.

    Now as such, we must read it from cover to cover and take the story on faith.

    If you wish to work from a verse or two it won’t make sense. That verse was never meant to function on its own. It hasn’t got sufficient meaning by itself. It takes on a ‘full’ sense within the larger context, eventually the whole Bible.

    Now I understand the Fundamentalists like to work the other way–but I don’t approve. Meet me on terms of the Bible, not on Fundamentalist terms. I’m not a Fundamentalist and I don’t think you are either.

  236. Foxfier says:

    In case I have not done so already, I want to get across the idea that we can not rely on verses or quote minor passages–at least not most of the time.

    Your initial statement about a faithful reading of scripture is counter to this new claim.

    Support your initial claim about the NT, Sal.

    If you cannot support your statement, you shouldn’t make it, and since you did, you should say “I cannot support my claim from Scripture.”

  237. Foxfier says:

    Like I said, way back when:
    Barring any sort of rational support, you’re in the “I don’t like it so I’m grasping” camp.

  238. sal says:

    So the Bible presents us with a story—a story of God, people, and what happens throughout their interaction. From reading the story we get a sense of our place within it. As N. T. Wright commented, we are called upon to improvise. Now I would like to add that this improvisation does not constitute license for introducing something essenially new.

    This kind of matter is not like adding two and two.

    We’re dealing with how people understand tradition.

    My claim is that any tradition that becomes authoritative and / or conflicts with what the Bible has already stated is a tradition that needs to be scrapped.

  239. sal says:

    The N. T. reveals that Jesus’ had earthly siblings.
    Hence, Mary could not be ever-virgin.

    There now is a concrete proof of what you have been fishing for.

    The Bible states outrightly that no one is without sin.

    Mary was therefore sinful.

  240. Foxfier says:

    You have made a big deal that the scriptures are authoritative.

    Respect their authority and cite them, Sal.

    We get the idea, you think you’re right. What a shock. Support your claims.

    You’re quick enough to make new claims, yet are unwilling to defend what you say you believe….

  241. Foxfier says:

    The N. T. reveals that Jesus’ had earthly siblings.

    Wrong, but at least it’s specific.

    There now is a concrete proof of what you have been fishing for.

    No, that is a claim. You’ve offered lots of vague yet sweeping claims.

    If you have a history degree as claimed, you should be able to tell the difference. You should be able to make a claim, support it with evidence, and offer sources for that evidence with great ease.

    I’ve given you two different sites with Bibles and the tools to put in the hyperlinks.

    You cannot even manage to cite chapter and verse.

  242. Joe Hargrave says:

    For heaven’s sake, even Jesus quoted Scripture to make his points.

    The truth is really ever so simple. All of his teachings, all of his points, all of his ways – simplicity incarnate.

    It is the heretics who complicate things, who invent hidden or alternate meanings, because the simple truths are too hard to digest.

    Jesus established the Catholic Church when he gave the keys of heaven and an unfailing faith to St. Peter. He who hears Jesus, hears the Church. He gave the apostles and their successors the power to bind and to loose, and promised that He would be with them until the end of time. It is upon these very simple and clear promises of Christ that the Church has the authority to proclaim and clarify the truths revealed in Scripture, with the aid of the Holy Spirit.

    Why don’t you read the Gospels some time.

  243. sal says:




  244. sal says:

    So I’m citing an exact quote–it’s in what you call the magnificat. Check it out.

    Thanks and peace to you.

  245. sal says:

    In Mary’s song, Mary rejoices in God her savior (kind of like when we call on Jesus). He was her savior and redeemer. She was a part of Israel and in Adam–so therefore in need of the redemption that came through Christ. She looked forward to teh promises with anticipation, thanksgiving and praise!


  246. Foxfier says:

    you are not citing scripture, nor are you making your case.

    Stop trying to change the subject, and just offer support and an argument from scripture for either of your original two claims.

  247. sal says:

    Marian devotion in all of its aspects grew up over centuries–it usually emerged from the bottom. Then it gradually gained acceptance among the elite. It was accelerated by the need to evangelize and gain support. It also found acceptance due to its similarities to many of the goddess cults of pagan Europe. Marian devotion has about it the pomp and glitz of the Orient, and probably can be traced to the same place of origin from which there arrived such cults as the Mater Dolorosa, etc.

  248. sal says:

    Mary’s song, Luke, chap. 1 verse 47 and it reads:
    How my spirit rejoices in God my Savior!
    Holy Bible–New Living Translation, C.2007

    Mary looked to God as her personal savior.

    That is plainly noticable.

  249. Foxfier says:

    Getting closer to a decent argument, but that still doesn’t support your claim that the New Testament makes modern Marian devotions unthinkable as a progression from the scriptures.

    Even though it’s an improvement, it’s still rather vague, as well as not having any citations– Biblical or otherwise.

    This article on the history of Marian devotion is a good example of how you could form your argument.

    Hey, if you get it all organized and linked, you can even put it up to enlighten others! Google offers free sites.

  250. sal says:

    To follow up in case it has not already been deduced, a person in need of a Savior is one who has sin.

  251. sal says:

    I’ll work on that all tomorrow. But you’ve not responded to the argument I posed.

  252. sal says:

    So Mary had sin. She was not immaculate.

    Jesus had half-brothers. Mary was not always virgin.

    I think James was one of Jesus’ half-brothers.

  253. Foxfier says:

    In context, from after Elizabeth’s greeting to the visiting Mary:
    And Mary said: 16 “My soul proclaims the greatness of the Lord;
    my spirit rejoices in God my savior.
    For he has looked upon his handmaid’s lowliness; behold, from now on will all ages call me blessed.
    The Mighty One has done great things for me, and holy is his name.

    That Mary was a believer is far from a shock.

    It’s rather the reason she agreed to carry our Lord, and has nothing to do with the Immaculate Conception.

    But you’ve not responded to the argument I posed.

    You have not made an argument from scripture, as you repeatedly claimed you could. You’ve barely even quoted the Bible, and when you have, it’s been disjointed, out of context and without a framework to match it up with your claims.

    I will not build you an argument and then tear it down myself.

  254. Foxfier says:

    More claims, without support, Sal.

    Look at this and this if you need help to figure out how to format a citation in to your claims; those are two different formats for citing scripture in support of a claim, and then forming the result into an argument.

  255. sal says:

    The cult of Mary is practiced because of the definition the church at Rome affords to tradition.

    Paul implies a much more static notion of tradition when he states, “hold on to the traditions you’ve been given,” and “don’t be moved by this or that apparantly new thing,” and so on.

    So new traditions (those succeeding the canon) must be carefully viewed to see if they are in harmony with scripoture. If they aren’t, they need to be scrapped.

  256. sal says:

    The symbolism of the sacred heart and the rose have been wrongly applied to Mary. They do not match up with anything concerning Mary in scripture.

    1. The sacred heart is nowhere found there.
    2. The rose had to do with romantic love.

    The symbols surrounding her cultic statue relate to the woman clothed in the sun standing on the moon, etc. in Revelation who can just as easily be translated as Israel/the Chruch.

    Yet, the official statue (the one that’s duplicated for the Roman Catholic altar and that yields little variety from one to another) has Mary appearing as the lady in John’s vision.

    Can you asnwer why that is?

  257. sal says:

    Each time I’ve visited a church under Rome I’ve seen that statue–she’s usually wearing a blue gown that covers her head–sometimes she has a crown atop her head. Then there are the stars around her head, the terrestrial or heavenly ball beneath her feet, the serpent somewhere in there, etc.

    And I’m thinking, but this is one of John’s vision in Revelation. Why do they morph Mary and the lady in the vision?

  258. sal says:

    Revelation chapter 12 verses 1-6 reads:

    Then I witnessed in heaven an event of great significance. I saw a woman clothed with the sun, with the moon beneath her feet, and a crown of twelve stars on her head. She was pregnant, and she cried ou because of her labor pains and agony of giving birth. Then I witnessed in heaven anothe significant event. I saw a large red dragon with seven heads and ten horns, with seven crowns on his heads. His tail swept away one-third of the stars in the sky, and he thre them to the earth. He stood in front of the woman sas she was about to give bith , ready to devour her baby as soon as it was born. She gave birht to a son whowas to rule all nations with an iron rod. And her child was snatched away from the dragon and was caught up to god and to his throne. And th woman fled into the wilderness, where God had prepared a place to care for her for 1260 days.

    So the lady in the vision is Israel or God’s people. Then we have a son. That is Jesus.

    If we maintain the lady is Mary then we have a probloem. Are you prepared to say the dragon is a person, etc.? Then the whole book of Revelation just becomes rediculous.

    So in the cult of Mary, the church at Rome has morphed her into the lady in Revelation.

  259. Dave Hartline says:

    Sal, perhaps I missed this in an earlier post. However, do you belong to a religious body and what might that church be? If I may add a couple of points. Jesus never called Mary “mother” because it was understood that she was the world’s mother. Early Christian artwork often depcited images of the Blessed Mother, some even referring to verses like Revelation 12 (even before the Canon was compiled.) In addition, Marian devotion not only took place among the peasant class, but among the learned class, including the Early Church Fathers. This is why in places like the Middle East and North Africa, the Feast of the Assumption was the most celebrated holy day after Chrsitmas and Easter, even before Christianity was legalized (in those places which were under Rome’s rule.)

    As for papal authority, in 96 AD the Church in Corinth sent a letter to Pope Clement asking for his opinion on an ecclesiastical matter, all the while St John was living on Patmos, not far from them. They appealed to Rome because, even though he was under constant threat of death and many popes were killed, that is where the Successor of St Peter resided. There existed a popular phrase in the Early Church, “Rome has spoken.” I believe St Augustine often used this phrase in reference to disputes that broke out among various heresies. I would also like to call to your attention to another matter. Many who argue that Peter is not the Rock, forget that Jesus was speaking to Peter in Aramaic and not Hebrew, so all of this nonsense about pebbles and feminine case for this or that does not apply. Finally, if you don’t believe in papal authority how do you reconcile Pope St Damasus approving the Canon of the Bible in 382 AD. Take care!

  260. sal says:

    Well thanks for the response. But what does it all have to do with what I’ve been stating throughout the dialogue? It still doesn’t answer anything I’ve raised,with the exception of the rock/stone/pebble reference. And I’m not sure I see what you mean. Peter was notorious for vacillating before and after he made his confession. His stature in and of himself was certainly not much. So what we’re dealing with, I believe, is his confession:

    Jesus Christ is the head, foundation, and chief cornerstone of his church. That he was the Christ is what we believe. God’s church is made up of God’s followers. So the rock as it’s been interpreted is just that. To see in it the origin of literal succession would be anachronistic.

    Further, Peter went to the Jews whereas Paul went to the Gentiles. I’m not saying it was completely black and white but their missionary impulses were in two different directions with Paul being the Apostle to the Gentiles—and Rome was a gentile city.

  261. sal says:

    Yes, Rome, bishops (popes), and decisions are all in there. We know it, but as things developed there was the damoclean sword–one that cut both ways.

    E.g. Constantine’s political maneuver. Yes, it was good in some ways and bad in others. And the situation at Rome was like that too for the first 500 years. Some very good things emerged. Some bad. Some indifferent.

    The most basic idea I wish to get across though, is that there is a point (say about 1300-1500 AD), where the church under Rome got so complicated it was time to clean house.

    That doesn’t mean it wasn’t a good and functioning church for a long time or that it didn’t faithfully witness in many ways throughout its past.

    It just means it hit a point of decadence and decline–it overreached and grew corrupt, and beliefs and practices grew distorted.

  262. sal says:

    So what we’ve got by 1500 AD is a situation where people are looking to get out. They’re looking to start over again, not because of an ahistoric stance.

    They know the church began at Pentecost and continues until Christ returns. They simply wish to faithully continue in that, and to do so in a way that is marked by integrity.

    The way to do that is to organize and obtain resources and to move forward. That’s what they did.

    The church has always continued. There is no break in it. The unity and coninuity of God’s church is visible to all who will see it. God’s people constitute that unity, and it is of course more tangible in administrative form. But if there is a “changing of the guards,” that does not mean the church got interrupted.

    So they sought generally to arrange things as they probably were no later than 500 AD.

  263. Dave Hartline says:

    Sal with all due respect, I think much of this comes down to pride and obediance. Sadly, you and those of a similar mindest, have too little of the former and too much of the latter. Unfortunately it seems some Christians fall into one of two errors; Christianity had gone wrong until 1517 when Martin Luther got it right, or somehow there was a secret group of true Christians unbeknownst to the real world who carried on the truth. Whatever the case, it seems more than a little ridiculous that the Catholic Church’s view of Peter and Mary was somehow corrected by someone centuries later.

    Do you realize how ridiculous this sounds? What if in the year 3293 a group of historians came forward and said that most of what we knew about the American Revolution was incorrect. Fortunately, we have 1517 years later found out the real significance behind people like Sam Adams and George Washington. In addition, we have uncovered the truth about events and battles, such as the Boston Tea Party, Boston Massacre, Bunker Hill and Yorktown. Sincere historians would either laugh, cry or shake their heads in disbelief. This is how Catholics feel when Johnny Come Latelys try to lecture us on the Bible (which the Catholic Church gave the world via the inspiration provided by the Holy Spirit) and the role of the Apostles and Saints. I am not attempting to be rude, but I just don’t know how else to sincerely state these facts without pointing to the obvious. Again, thank you for engaging in this discussion.

  264. sal says:

    I can see where you would think all of that. I comploetely follow your line of reasoning. I can sympathize with that point of view.

    I do, however, disagree with it because there is a lot more to it than that.

    Scripture is comprised and transmitted by the church, which ought in turn to live in light of it. So there would have been a process of formation that the church underwent. As that occurred, the church itself would make adjustments or “grow into itself.” Then the church is free to formulate traditions that reflect all of that.

    The church is not free to alter the essence of things.

    People CAN alter the essence ofthings.

    When that occurrs, others try to renew the essence. Some do so from within. Others do so outside the existing framework.

    The church continues.

  265. Foxfier says:

    You STILL have no support from the scriptures, Sal.

    Why is it so difficult for you to manage to show what you claim is so clear?

  266. Foxfier says:

    You can’t even manage to give secular sources for your claims, just claims on claims.

    That’s the kind of BS that you can get away with if you’re giving a lecture, a wishy-washy sermon or writing a newspaper article, but there’s no excuse for such actions on the internet.

  267. sal says:

    I’ve already supplied scriptural passages. Someone has not been reading the prior comments in the dialogue.


  268. Foxfier says:

    True, you have supplied some scripture– it’s just thrown out, rather than used as support of your two, big, initial claims. Some of it is even counter to your claims.

    I have pointed that out, I have pointed out several factual errors, and I have put up with your attempts to change the subject and let your claims stand as if they were anything beyond just you saying something.

    So we have incorrect information, ignorant claims, unsupported claims, misquotes, contradictory scripture and constant appeals to authority and rather constant ad hominem attacks.

    You attack Mary; I offer not one but two Biblically sourced links; you respond with factual errors and unsupported claims.

    This is not dialog, this is you trying to put forward your notions with no support but your own claims.

    Someone has not been paying attention, unless you’re just another troll; a neutral party will see this and notice your failures.

  269. Foxfier says:

    I forgot to add: you also mis-characterize what you argue against. A classic tactic in dishonest rhetoric.

  270. sal says:

    I’m sorry if it seems that way. I don’t know what a troll is, unless you mean those small figurines people bring wiht them to bingo for good luck.

    I wanted to get across that the church under Rome developed beyond scripture–it was wrongly innovative.
    Examples here would include ‘the New Mary’ among other things.

    Again, while something may not go against a particular verse or passage, it may still go against the general tenor of God’s word. And that is perhaps somewhat more of a vague matter–Yes, I understand that. People may see the big picture differently. But that is why I think it’s important to be spirit- guided, spirit-driven, and and prayerful in our reading. That of course is what we allneed, including myself. I don’t want to miss truth eirther. I appreciate your deep concern regarding truth. Now I ask you to consider examining the role to which your churhc has assigned tradition. Because fundamentally, that’s where most of this discussion will ultimately get resolved.

    Praise God and peace to you!

  271. Foxfier says:

    I wanted to get across that the church under Rome developed beyond scripture

    You have failed in anything but conveying that you believe it to be so, and cannot organize support from those same scriptures.

    You should really not make grandiose claims that you are unwilling or unable to support, and you really should not try yelling louder, changing the subject, offering false quotes, falsely characterizing the other side, claiming you already proved something when all you did was claim it and making “sly” personal attacks.

    Again, while something may not go against a particular verse or passage, it may still go against the general tenor of God’s word

    FINALLY! We get down to brass tacks– and, curses, I was right.

    All the rest is just noise on the line. -.- And here I thought we might’ve lucked on to someone who was interested in genuine dialog.

  272. Joe Hargrave says:

    Make it simple, Sal.

    Cite the teaching of the Church that you feel goes beyond Scripture.

    Then cite the passage from Scripture.

  273. sal says:

    OK–that sounds good!

    1. (I’ve already given it but here goes) In Mary’s Song, Mary rejoices in God her savior. In order to have a savior, one must be in need of salvation. Yes?
    But the church at Rome teaches that Mary was without sin.

    2. Jesus had half-brothers, e.g. James. Yes? But the church at Rome teaches that Mary remained a virgin.

    3. Paul warns continually against innovation–in several passages—I’m sure you know of them since you’re very informed and intelligent.

    But verses and passages don’t have the force that God’s overall story does. So I feel that we should look more to the drift of the Word–and here is where complications with tradition arise. For example, the new Mary of Roman tradition runs counter to the sense of her in the gospels, etc.

  274. sal says:

    Here is one more point to ponder: The Bible teaches that no one is without sin. Once again, Roman tradition has ascribed to Mary a sinless status.

    St. Augustine helped to express this sin thing–we sometimes refer to it as original sin.
    Now Mary was the product of normal conception. FOr Mary to be sinless, her parents would ahve to have been sinless and so on back to Adam and Eve.

  275. Foxfier says:

    I don’t think Sal has very good reading comprehension, Joe.

    You Mickey Mouse it as:
    cite the teaching, cite the scripture.

    He then goes and just says the same thing over again, no citation offered at all.

    For bonus, he doesn’t seem to understand what the Church teaches about Mary, either, even though I gave him two links that explain it.

    But, if we go charging off about the various inaccuracies, he carries on as if he’d made a decent argument, shown his work, cited scripture, etc.

  276. sal says:

    Sorry, I didn’t cite: For all have sinned and fallen short of the glory of God.

  277. sal says:

    I’ll await your responses concerning Mary’s supposed sinless and virgin status.

  278. Dave Hartline says:

    Sal, I am quite suprised that someone who claims to be so well versed in Holy Scripture and Christian History would miss the obvious. In the Jewish world, cousins were often referred to as “brothers.” As for those like St Augustine and the Early Church Fathers, they were the ones who had great devotions to the Blessed Mother. Perhaps this link, which includes both Sacred Scripture & Sacred Tradition will help you with this matter. Take care!

  279. Dave Hartline says:

    Sal, when you get done with the previous link, here’s another one for you to ponder. Take care!

  280. sal says:

    Yes, well given the cousin/brother usage, I’ll suggest that it’s up for debate; it can go either way.

    I quoted Augustine of Hippo because I read his city of God and enjoyed it–and I know he’s held in high esteem among Catholics.

    But really, the Patristics and people in their climate did have a vested interest in promoting ideas of virginity, etc. Don’t you think? There was so much platonism and orientalism in the air. I’m not saying Mary couln’t possibly have been a life-long virgin, but we have to remember what was in vogue in vogue–beginning really with the gnosticism the church had to wrestle with as early as Paul’s day.

  281. sal says:

    Mr. Madrid feels that because the Bible DOESN’T mention a thing, the opposite of that thing can therefore easily be thought to be true.

    I disagree.

    Mr. Madrid comments that the church sees Mary as the fulfillment of three types.

    I disagree.

    Mary can be seen as a fulfillment of something based on a person’s style of thinking. Things can easily get blended together in one’s mind.

    I would separate them. For example, Eve, Mary, and the figure in Rev. 12 are, as I see it, unlinked. The only way in which they are linked are in the sense that they constitute different parts of the same story–God’s story.

    I appreciate Mr. Madrid wanting to articulate a defense for something. I don’t agree, however, with the defense itself.

  282. Foxfier says:

    I’ll await your responses concerning Mary’s supposed sinless and virgin status.

    I’m still waiting for you to, as Joe so simply put it, cite the teaching, cite the scripture.

    No broad claims, no generic notions, just plain, simple “this is what the Church teaches (source), this is why it’s wrong (source.)”

    Since you’ve been HANDED three different sources for the Church’s Marian teaching, it should be easy to go “here, quote from teaching, yet, in Book, chapter, verses.”

  283. Joe Hargrave says:


    I think you are making an error in logic – and I know how much you hate logic, but bear with me.

    Mary IS saved by Jesus; she is made sinless by God so she can give birth to him. Without that, I think we may presume, she would not have been born without sin. So, Jesus saves Mary as well.

    That seems rather clear and simple to me. Mary is the new ark. The old ark contained the word of God (the Ten Commandments); the new ark contains the word made flesh (Jesus). The old ark was ordered by God to be made of incorruptible wood (setim wood); the new ark was also made incorruptible by the Immaculate Conception.

    There is also the angelic salutation: Hail Mary, full of grace!

  284. sal says:

    Yes, I disagree with the position on the three type-fulfillments quoted by Mr. Madrid. Insights will arise when reading scripture (hopefully.) One may think they see a type. Such things should not become official, authoritative or dogmatized.

    The early writers concluded certain types. Those are written in stone. We are not at liberty to create new ones as official teaching.

    One person thinks Mary is the new Eve.

    Another thinks she is the new Ark or the cosmos restored.

    It’s OK to have inights or even just helpful ideas.

    But we musn’t construct doctrine or dogma on the basis of such things. It’s not safe.

    I see a lot of muddled thinking pertaining to Mary. Things are not being carefully distiniguished.

    The promise to Eve in the fall-context is one thing.

    Mary as a carrier is another.

    The woman and the dragon something else.

    The cosmos gets restored, yes, but that’s another tyhing.

    The church at Rome has lumped together things that should rather be differentiated.

    Are there ties? Yes. Are there perhaps similarities? Yes. Should they be blended together so that at the conclustion Mary is inflated and ready to burst with all that’s been subsumed in her?

    I offer an emphatic no.

  285. Joe Hargrave says:

    The old ark containing the word of God: Deuteronomy 10:1-2

    The old ark made of incorruptible setim wood: Exodus 25:10

    The new ark, incorruptible (full of grace) containing the word made flesh: Luke 1:28-31

  286. Joe Hargrave says:


    When the successor of Peter teaches on faith and morals, he is protected from error by the Holy Spirit per Luke 22:32. The Immaculate Conception is a defined dogma; it cannot, and is not, an error.

    To hold the full and true faith means to hold faith in the promises of Christ regarding His Church.

  287. Joe Hargrave says:

    So that’s the real issue here, anyway: the office of the Papacy, its legitimacy, its reality. If one accepts that, one must accept the Immaculate Conception.

    Of course I think it makes perfect sense even without that.

  288. Joe Hargrave says:

    Oh, and by the way – Mary as the “new Eve” and Mary as the ark are not contradictory ideas. So that’s another false argument.

    Logic helps.

  289. sal says:


    One person may see the church as the fulfillment of the ark. Another may see it as Christ.
    Still antoher may say both are its fulfillment.
    My point is that scripture reading involves this personal element. People guided by the Spirit should conclude the same truth, of course. But not everyone gets there in the same way–I have no problem with people seeing Mary in a certain light as long as it doesn’t conflict with the story that’s already set down on paper.

    Luke 22:32 — Jesus wants Peter to be strong. There is work to be done. And Peter needs to strengthen and encourage the others.

    Now I will not jump from there to a head bishop at Rome. That is just too much of a leap. I thinki it’s unreasonable.

  290. sal says:

    Once again, to find in Mary the fulfillment of all these types will render her larger than real life. Mr. Madrid speaks of her as representing the renewal of the cosmos. That is probably why we see stars, clouds, and worlds accompanying her pictorially. It’s out of proportion to her Jewish localized and really quite earthy setting. She was a peasant girl. The cult of Mary has depicted her as something divine.

  291. sal says:

    It is like morphing a shepherd boy into an Oriental despot.

  292. Joe Hargrave says:


    In the very same passage he gives Peter the authority to “confirm thy brethren” ONCE he is converted – for right after this Jesus predicts his thrice denial of Him. Peter’s tenure as pope begins after the resurrection.

    Even you recognize – any sane person would have to – that Jesus set Peter above the other apostles. But it was only for Peter, the rock upon which Jesus built his Church, that he prayed for so that his faith would not fail. Not St. Paul, not St. John, not St. Thomas or anyone else, but St. Peter alone.

    Taken with the several other passages in which Jesus clearly singles out Peter for leadership, particularly John 21:15-17, any honest person has to conclude that Peter was established as the head of Christ’s Church, and that in that capacity his faith would not fail.

    This isn’t about what “one person sees” and what “another person sees.” There’s only one person who can and will see the full truth, and that is the successor of Peter, whose faith cannot fail. That is what Christ taught. It’s a shame you don’t find that to be “reasonable”, but really, if you can accept that God became man, died, and rose from the dead, I don’t see why you can’t accept this as well.

    It’s picking and choosing otherwise.

  293. sal says:

    Isn’t that playing connect the dots, though? I just don’t see–I mean really see–what you’re seeing about Peter and a possible pope.

    Well–the Jews were Jesus’ sheep–they were to first go to the lost sheep–and Peter was the apostle to the Jews–and Jesus said to him “feed my sheep”.

    So perhaps that helps you to put it in context.

    Peter has a mission for the lambs (read–the lost sheep of israel)

    Remember, it was Paul who went to the broader world and Rome!

    Hope this helps.

  294. Joe Hargrave says:


    The concept of the Holy Trinity is also, to put it in your crude phrase, “connecting the dots.” Nowhere is it explicitly stated that God is three persons in one divine being. But it is clearly present in Scripture.

    You yourself are making things up now. Where does Jesus say “the Jews are my sheep”? He gave the apostles the task of converting ALL nations, not just the Jews. It wasn’t just Paul who went to the broader world – St. Thomas was in India and he may have even made it to the Americas (some speculate, but still, India is pretty far).

    Nowhere does it explicitly say that Peter is exclusive to the Jews. Just because someone is for various reasons more suited to a task doesn’t mean that it was divinely appointed. Peter’s primacy, however, IS divinely appointed.

    Who in the early Church did not recognize the primacy of the Papacy and the successors of Peter? Maybe you can fill me in.

  295. sal says:

    Yes, one can “find” the concept in scripture, though the church has given a definition and theological expression to it.

    Jesus said to first go to “the lost sheep of Israel”
    Paul speaks of “first the Jew, then the Gentile”
    It’s simply a principle—let’s get to the more literal people of the promise first, and then move outward–especially if they don’t seem terribly interested. Paul eventually travells the mediterranean.

    No, there is no exlusive ministry–but Peter is doing more things with Jews, while Paul is preoccupied withthe Gentile world.

    Where do you find that the papacy succeeds Peter?

    As the empire weakened people got insecure and looked to Rome for backup–Hence the bishop of Rome was able to, by default, shout a little louder.

    He was not supposed to assume primacy.

    Even the Greek church explains all of that.

  296. sal says:

    In fact, I suspect that’s one of the major issues dividing the two–they feel that first among equals should be just that.

  297. sal says:

    Compare the patriarch of Constantinople with the Pope of Rome–their office and function, I mean.

  298. Joe Hargrave says:

    “though the church has given a definition and theological expression to it”

    What church? The made-up invisible church of the Calvinists? There is only one Church, and you do not accept her teachings.

    “Where do you find that the papacy succeeds Peter?”

    Jesus established his Church for all time. Matt. 16:17-19 establishes that Jesus named Simon “Peter”, the rock upon which He would build His Church – and that the gates of hell would not prevail against it.

    This Church, which exists until the end of time, will always have the Papacy – until the end of time.

    You need to understand that Christ gave the apostles the authority they would need to do precisely the things you are complaining about. And he set one apostle up above all of the others. Just as the apostles were guided in the Holy Spirit when choosing a replacement for Judas, so the Church has always been guided by the same Holy Spirit in choosing the successor to Peter.

  299. sal says:

    Here is a simple question—how would one know which church is the church–I mean is it Jehovah’s Witness, the Mormons, who?

    There must be a way to tell.

    There is.

    The church that continues in the truth—the N.T. letters are always telling us to abide in the truth, the teaching, etc.

    They are always warning us to avoid innovation, novel ideas, trends, developments in other directions, etc.

    Do you see what I mean?

  300. sal says:

    The role that the Catholic church assigns to tradition enables it to develop in other directions. And that is the real issue–the issue that relates to the dialogue as it’s been going on for two days.

    Because of the role of tradition in the church at Rome, other things have been allowed to evolve–and they’ve been embraced.

    The papacy is one example of this.
    The embellishment, etc. of Mary is another.
    Eucharistic adoration is yet another.
    And the list could go on.

    But in all charity I don’t wish to highlight all those things.

    I’m interested in getting across the point that tradition must be afforded its proper weight.

    We stand in need of a fair view of tradition.

  301. sal says:

    In our hierarchical ordering of things, tradition must be assigned its proper place. If we allow it to rise higher than its rightful station, the situation grows monstrous. We then have disorder.
    So we place the Bible at the top.
    We place tradition below it.
    When things are nicely arranged, we have a place for everything and everything in its place. This was the medieval idea.

  302. Don the Kiwi says:


    You say in a previous comment that Mary was a peasant girl.

    Not at all!

    Mary was the daughter of a priest – not a peasant farmer.
    As Joe or Dave explained, Mary was born withour original sin.
    God would not allow His son to be born of anything contaminated by sin – when Jesus, the second person of the Blessed Trinity took on human flesh and became man, if Mary had the stain of sin, then Jesus would have taken on her ‘sinful’ flesh, and therefore Satan would have had victory over God – which of course, is impossible.

    It is common sense and logic – something you seem to dislike – that, along with many other instances, demonstrates that Mary was conceived without sin, so that at no time would sin have victory over Christ.

    Hope that helps. 🙂

  303. sal says:

    OK–what I’m saying is that the gospels present us with this picture of Mary that is earthy–and then the church at Rome artistically rendered her in ways that are completely out of proportion to that. The Marian statue of her usually has her morphed ino the figure of Revelation chapter 12 who is standing on the moon, etc.

    So somehow they would have her going by degrees from the human to the divine. She has not yet assumed a body. In her soul-existence she has gone to be with the Lord. Her body awaits resurrection at the last day. Then only will her body and soul be jointly knit together, and the body will be a resurrected or glorified one.

  304. sal says:

    The key point here is that the Mary of the N.T. is not the typical Mary of Medieval church representation. Oswald Spengler, in fact, in his Decline of the West, was forced to speak of a new/later Faustian Christianity that was different in kind from the earlier Magian one. Spengler characterizes the difference in terms of Marian devotion–and particularly the centrality of Mary in relation to the church’s interior and the use of her as the focal point of worship.

  305. sal says:

    Occam’s razor played a huge role in eliminating much of tradition. When people saw how cluttered the CHristian scheme became, it seemed better to simplify it. And this fostered reform. Occam’s razor was employed in a new urge toward simplicity. The medieval worldview finally broke down. But theology grew more lean as early as the 1300’s.

  306. Paul Zummo says:

    More generalizations offered up as “proof.” I think sal is probably a great example of why no good can possibly come from a thread that is both six months old and has reached the 300+ comment threshold.

  307. sal says:

    Mr. Zummo, first of all I like your picture of James Madison.
    Secondly, Christianity is perhaps the greatest generalization: God created the world and sent Christ to redeem it.

    Sir, I’m trying to explain that theology should clarify rather than obfiscate. We should seek simplicity rather than excess, don’t you think?

  308. sal says:

    Scripture really can’t provide the space for much of the innovation that’s taken place. It’s simply incongruous.

  309. Paul Zummo says:

    You haven’t simplified, you’ve just blown smoke for about 100+ comments.

    By the way, you know you don’t have to write ten comments for every one addressed to you. Writing more does not equal proving your point.

  310. Joe Hargrave says:

    “Here is a simple question—how would one know which church is the church–I mean is it Jehovah’s Witness, the Mormons, who?”

    There is only one Church – that founded by Christ. All other sects have broken away from this Church, or are splinters of those sects, ad infinitum. Martin Luther, John Calvin, and Joseph Smith are not Christ. Nor were they given any authority by Christ, nor were they a part of the apostolic succession.

    You know these things when you actually read Scripture with an honest heart, and not pride or vanity.

    “In our hierarchical ordering of things, tradition must be assigned its proper place. If we allow it to rise higher than its rightful station, the situation grows monstrous. We then have disorder.
    So we place the Bible at the top.
    We place tradition below it.”

    There was a Church before there was a Bible. The Church compiled the Bible. Heretics later decided to throw out the books they didn’t like – the books that support Catholic teachings such as Purgatory, prayers for the dead, etc. Luther even wanted to toss out James from the New Testament! This was pure pride at work.

    Have you read 2 Thessalonians 2:14? Tradition existed before the Bible; the Bible itself is the product of Tradition.

  311. sal says:

    Well, I’m off for the night.

    God bless us all and may his Spirit guide us into all truth. Amen.

  312. sal says:

    Oops, sorry–we’ll finish up first. Just hold on pplease.

  313. sal says:

    Well to begin, I’d say that the church existed before scripture was organized and canonized in its present form. I’d also say that scripute and the church sort of developed side by side. The church yields scripture and is then bound by it–so an interactive procedure was at work there. Then the writing of scrfiptrue comes to an end. Then improvisation, as Wright puts it, begins.

    And while improvising, we are not at liberty during this interval between the advents to “mess around.” We have to live in light of what’s already written.

    So the tradition is basically what Paul, Timothy, and others pass on–it’s as though they’re saying, be conservative, keep our traditions, don’t invent new ones, be flexible but don’t overturn things.

    So then we have a dynamic church that should be adaptable, capable of witness, and incarnational, but not a church that evolves or develops in a new direction.

    Hope this clarifies things for you!

  314. sal says:

    And now I think I can retire for the evening.
    But I do look forward to further dialogue–you’ve all proved to be so very well informed in the Roman Catholic teaching.

  315. Don the Kiwi says:

    You’ve all proved to be so very well informed in the Roman Catholic teaching.

    That’s because we’re all committed Catholics, sal.
    It is our duty to know and defend our Faith.

    And there’s another 1.3 billion of us around the world – I’m in New Zealand, and my knowledge and understanding of the Faith is exactly the same as David, Foxfier, Paul – and all the other guys and gals in the USA who are proud to be Catholic.
    Thats why its the “Catholic” Church. 🙂

  316. Connie I. Ko says:

    Amen! I’m #1.3 billionth Catholic who happen to be living in LA, CA who has been ff this highly “Spirited” discussion for days. I am proud to say that I can confirm exactly what Don says about “David, Foxfier, Paul – and all the other guys and gals in the USA” who actually do know & understand our faith in exactly & profoundly the same way & terms & “who are proud to be Catholic” & living members of Christ’s mystical Body!

    Welcome, Sal!!!!

    (BTW, I have no scholarly or theology credentials of ANY kind, just sound, secondary level, loving Augustinian sisters’ Catholic girls’ school catechesis!)

  317. sal says:

    Good day to you all!

    I think I left off explaining the relationship between scripture, tradition , and the people of God. There is some muddled thinking at times here, and it’s quite understandable.

    The Bible has been put together over a long period of time, and God’s people have had their hand in it–we must consider that God has really done this–and that his Spirit has guided them every step of the way.

    Now having said that, the Bible is then this ongoing (and finally complete) account of God and his dealings with us. All the while his people lived in light of what it said. When it became complete–and yes, his people had their role to play there–we have a narrative that’s ended.

    Now the real story coninues–we’re in it right now. But what I’ve been trying to say is that we, God’s people, are not at liberty to “mess around” during the interval. We’re in the ‘act’ of the ‘story’ that is the time between the advents, and must think and behave accordingly.

    So we live in light of what occured knowing the Lord is on his way.

    We get a sense of how we are to ‘improvise’ from the post-pentecost pre-return interval as it’s discussed in scripture. How did they act? How did they respond in light of Pentecost and the Lord’s promise to return? What’s our role now?

    The church was given a commission–to go out to the whole world to preach the gospel, making disciples of people. From Paul we learn something about propriety and organization, etc.

    We go from there. We don’t develop in a new direction. What occurs should not exceed improvisation. If we get something novel it’s because there has been development in a new direction.

  318. sal says:

    So I’ve spoken about scripture and the people of God. Let me say a thing about tradition. Paul and others had tradition–things they passed on–that were to be held onto. To this day we want to gather for worship, fellowship, the Lord’s Supper or communion, etc. We want to continue in the laying on of hands, baptism and all that.

    Now, we can improvise–footwashing is no longer done, oil is still anointed, we may wish to welcome with a handshake instead of a holy kiss.

    We are not permitted to initiate new tradition, however, if it conflicts with what’s gone before–e.g. the new Mary as she developed beyond the portrait scripture has sketched for us.

  319. sal says:

    I think the most obvious example of ‘departure’ in Catholicism relates to the business of Mary. As I’ve stated before, so much has been subsumed into her that she is ready to burst asunder. The Mary of scripture is no longer there. In place of her we have an Oriental phantom.

    Mary was chosen as a vessel to bring Jesus the Christ into the world. Christianity is an incarnational relgion. God intersected with us at a point in history. That is where Mary came in–she had a role to play in things–she was there for a time like John the Baptist–the preparer. As John the baptizer said, he was with us for a spell–he did his part and was gone. What can be said of him can also be said of Mary–she was with us for a while, she played her part,and now she’s gone. We shall see her at the last–when we die or at the culmination of all things–whichever comes first. Scripture does not allow us to reimagine or reinvent her–or to construct a new role for her to play in the Christian drama. That would simply involve a rewriting of the basic Christian story. And that, in fact, would be heresy.


  320. Foxfier says:

    Again, it’s all “I think”….

  321. sal says:

    (I think) I’m speaking from a bible-informed perspective. Christianity requires discernment and a certain amount of ambiguity remains.

    Unless we have a church that dogmatizes, we’ll have to grow into the knowledge of our Lord through time. Some things will remain unknown.

    It was in part a drive for perfect certainty that drove Chesterton to Rome.

  322. sal says:

    Of course Chesterton loved logic too. He often sounded like Sherlock Holmes. He was a noble Christian gentleman–but he disliked logic, and I think that’s what drove this otherwise rather Protestant figure toward Catholic dogma. That combined with the changing times and what he recognized as decay in his church.

  323. Foxfier says:

    Sal, we cannot just take your word for it.

    You agreed earlier: the scriptures are authoritative. That means we have a first-hand authority available.

    Unless we have a church that dogmatizes, we’ll have to grow into the knowledge of our Lord through time

    We have a Church that is often called dogmatic, yet which can support her views from scripture.

    On the other hand, we have you dogmatizing and being unwilling to support your views, even when your stated views hold that it is possible.

    In any fight were both sides agree that source A is authoritative, and only one is able to show their work, I’ll be much persuaded by the one that can show their work— especially if the one that can’t show their work says it’s the only acceptable authority.

  324. Foxfier says:

    *laughs out loud*
    Oh, come ON! You rant against forming a decent basis for your beliefs from actual citable scripture, and then claim the Church is anti-logic?

    Remember those folks you quoted and misquoted earlier? They were QUITE logical. Reason is what supports so many of the “developments” you so dislike.

  325. Foxfier says:

    Of course Chesterton loved logic too. … he disliked logic

    In the words of my generation:

  326. sal says:

    Right, well I meant to say that Chesterton liked logic and disliked ambiguity.

  327. sal says:

    I think this may be a matter of the chicken and the egg. If we are scripture-saturated and scripture-soaked and then view all else in light of that mindframe, I think we can begin to critique things like tradition, etc. On the other hand, if we accept a priori that tradition ought to be a part of the lens alongside of scripture, then all else is viewed through those bifocals.

    Now here’s what I do: I constantly read scripture to critique tradition, culture, politics, worldviews, etc. Then I am able to decide upon what is worth holding onto versus what should be let go of.

  328. sal says:

    Now there is what Scot McKnight has referred to as the Great Tradition–and this I think is part of a good working biblical worldview. But what McKnight means when he speaks of the Great Tradition is simply a scriptural consensus–it’s really quite generic and can probably be summed up in one of the creeds we all assent to.

  329. Foxfier says:

    If you are so soaked in scripture, you should be able to use it to support your arguments.

    If you have a degree, you should be able to form arguments.

    If you are intellectually honest, you should be able to realize that being unable to support your views with the source you claim is the only possible source, then there is a need to re-evaluate your views.

  330. Paul Zummo says:

    Now here’s what I do: I constantly read scripture to critique tradition, culture, politics, worldviews, etc. Then I

    I . . .I . . .I

    There it is in a nutshell. The perfect distillation of Protestantism.

  331. Don the Kiwi says:


    Do you belong to a Christian community? or follow one of the established Christian traditions?

    Or are you simply a self proclaimed christian who puts only your own take on the scriptures, discerns your own interpretations of scripture as being the only truth, and what a Christian actually is?

    Because it appears to me you are the latter. You agree with some Catholic teaching and deny other. You agree with some Protestant teaching and deny other.

    You talk of a Church that needs to have Dogma.

    The only Church to have Dogma, that it has held from the time of the apostles,and been defined at various times when disputes have arisen, is the CATHOLIC CHURCH.

    Put aside your biases and prejudices and find out what the Catholic Church really teaches and believes, from Catholics – not assorted historians, who put their own biases and interpretations on the Catholic Church.

    Q E D.

  332. sal says:

    Mr. Zummo, that is correct–it is what I’ve been waiting for you to discover. Reading the Bible informs our thinking and we can then begin to think correctly about other things. But biblical understanding is the prerequisite.

    We do not want to begin with scripture plus tradition.

    We want to start with scripture alone.

    Then, as we are informed by Scripture, we can begin to look at tradition.

    I practice this, which is why you CAN NOT sign me up for Luther’s catechism or the Westminister Confession. At best, such things are supplemental. They are not foundational! And neither should Roman Catholic tradition be.

    I think too that this is logical! That’s why I don’t even like to speak of being in favor of a particular theology. I am an advocate of what C. S. Lewis termed “mere Christianity.” Lewis had great respect for tradition–but things must always be assigned their proper place.

    God be praised forevermore!

  333. sal says:


    As I said, I’m an advocate of what Lewis termed “mere Christianity.” I find no trouble in discerning the Lord’s word by the Holy Ghost, whom scripture promised would guide us into all truth.

    There is an inevitable circularity to it all–but that is the nature of sacred revelation.

  334. Foxfier says:

    …Lewis, IIRC, reasoned himself from Atheism to Christianity.

    The open source book is rather poorly formatted for reading, but a quick scan of the intro does support the memory the title refers to that argument of going from not-Christian to Christian.

    Incidentally, Lewis didn’t term it that– a different theologian did, and Lewis referred back to it. (even labeled it after the man)

  335. Foxfier says:

    From Heretics. (EWTN quoted part of it when I put my daughter down for bed)

    Whether the human mind can advance or not, is a question too little discussed, for nothing can be more dangerous than to found our social philosophy on any theory which is debatable but has not been debated. But if we assume, for the sake of argument, that there has been in the past, or will be in the future, such a thing as a growth or improvement of the human mind itself, there still remains a very sharp objection to be raised against the modern version of that improvement. The vice of the modern notion of mental progress is that it is always something concerned with the breaking of bonds, the effacing of boundaries, the casting away of dogmas. But if there be such a thing as mental growth, it must mean the growth into more and more definite convictions, into more and more dogmas. The human brain is a machine for coming to conclusions; if it cannot come to conclusions it is rusty. When we hear of a man too clever to believe, we are hearing of something having almost the character of a contradiction in terms. It is like hearing of a nail that was too good to hold down a carpet; or a bolt that was too strong to keep a door shut. Man can hardly be defined, after the fashion of Carlyle, as an animal who makes tools; ants and beavers and many other animals make tools, in the sense that they make an apparatus. Man can be defined as an animal that makes dogmas. As he piles doctrine on doctrine and conclusion on conclusion in the formation of some tremendous scheme of philosophy and religion, he is, in the only legitimate sense of which the expression is capable, becoming more and more human. When he drops one doctrine after another in a refined scepticism, when he declines to tie himself to a system, when he says that he has outgrown definitions, when he says that he disbelieves in finality, when, in his own imagination, he sits as God, holding no form of creed but contemplating all, then he is by that very process sinking slowly backwards into the vagueness of the vagrant animals and the unconsciousness of the grass. Trees have no dogmas. Turnips are singularly broad-minded.

  336. Paul Zummo says:

    As I said, I’m an advocate of what Lewis termed “mere Christianity.”

    Wow, you’re going to cite CS Lewis, a member of the Church of England and advocate of tradition in your defense of your own warped brand of me me me Christianity? Is there any other great author you’d like to co-opt?

  337. sal says:

    Foxfier–a very interesting quote indeed!

    However, I’m not advocating skepticism or dogmatism–something rather in between.

    Babel-like constructions prove to be an encubrance in our understanding of faith.

    I believe in order to understand–faith should beget understanding. Again, I think we have here a classic situation of the chicken and the egg.

    Lewis was for a type of tradition (and I am too) but I believe this is quite different in kind.

  338. sal says:

    Lewis experienced what might only appear as an intellectual conversion–but I believe it was a complete one (in other words, an authentic one). That he was a man of letters seems to suggest his conversion would be most apparant at an intellecctual level. But if one reads what he has to say, it is clear that an entire transformation of his heart and mind took place. He saw things anew—a kind of gestalt switch, if you like, had occured. He had a new paradigm.

    He didn’t forcefully reason his way over to the other side through logical steps. The conversion may have been subtle or drawn out, but I don’t think it manifested in an intellectual excercise.

  339. sal says:

    Also, he was not for a “Catholic” or a “Protestant” way of thinking.

    What we see with Lewis is what I believe we should all embrace—and that is to allow scripture to inform our thinking. When we are soaked in scripture and it saturates our mind, we ‘see’ the world scripturally. Then we can go on to formulate traditions. But we mustn’t dogmatize those traditions or place them on a par with scripture. Unfortunately, some Episcopalians / Anglicans may be dogmatic about tradition–but they shouldn’t be. Check out Hooker’s Laws of Ecclesiastical Polity for an understanding of what undergirds the Church of England. (I am not an Anglican or Episcopalian, but I think Hooker’s stance is vastly different from Rome’s. Let me know if you agree.

  340. sal says:

    Part of the issue is the following: In Roman Catholicism, if I may be so bold to state, Christianity has yet to become disentangled from former philosophy, worldview, unnecessary theological baggage, etc.

    Christianity is incarnational, true, and hsitory and theology are sort of intertwined. After all, God entered space and time in human form.

    So yes, there is this paradox–and Roman Catholics I think (and all of us really unless we’re ‘primitive christians’) can get overly comfortable with that. Witness the obelisk outside Peter’s basilica.

    So things get baptized and we synthesize–the philosophic urge is toward synthesis.

    Sometimes we have to unravel that stuff–and basically do some housecleaning.

    That’s because we’ve accumulated too much “stuff” and it’s time to throw some out, hold onto what we really find reflects scripture and is currently useful, and perhaps experience ourselves in new contexts that allow for further incarnation.

  341. Foxfier says:

    I should have known that you’d treat Lewis as shoddily as you treat the Bible and everyone else you’ve quoted or misquoted. It doesn’t matter what it actually says, it’s all in what impression you get while reading it.

    This is still all based on your unsupported opinion.
    The power to change that is in your hands– just support your claims with something that can actually be shown in the text, not your impressions so vague that nothing can be pointed at.

  342. Joe Hargrave says:


    You’re living in a heretical dreamland.

    I challenge you to read Satis Cognitum by Pope Leo XIII:

  343. sal says:

    OK–I see we haven’t gotten anywhere yet. Let’s look at scripture itself then.

    In Luke Chapter 11 verses 27-8 we read:
    As he was speaking, a woman in ethe crowd called out, “God bless your mother–the womb from which you came, and the breasts that nursed you!”
    Jesus replied, “But even MORE blessed are all who hear the word of God and put it into practice.”

    Now let’s apply logic, because I know we can have a tendency to thrive on it. Let’s look at it–Mary was blessed. Those who hear and practice God’s word are MORE blessed.

  344. Foxfier says:

    OK–I see we haven’t gotten anywhere yet. Let’s look at scripture itself then.

    This is day… what, four? Five?… that I’ve been asking you to do that; does this mean you’ll finally actually supply some support beyond “I, I, I”?

  345. sal says:

    And another reference is the following.

    Matthew Chapter 12 verses 46-50 reads:
    As Jesus was speaking to the crowd, his mother and brothers stood outside, asking to speak to him. Someone told Jesus, “Your mother and your brothers are outside, and they want to speak to you.”
    Jesus asked, “Who is my mother? Whor are my brothers? Then he poitned to his disciples and said, “Look, these are my mother and brothers. Anyone who does the will of my Father in heaven is my brother and sister and mother!”

    Importantly, we get a strong sense of a theme God is underscoring in both this passage and the one I quoted before.

    That theme is the family of God. God’s people in Christ are as brothers, sisters, fathers and mothers in relation to one another.

    Significantly, we see that in both cases someone seeks to shift attention onto Jesus’ mother. Both times Jesus shifts the attention elsewhere.




    Please point out to me where you think I’m mistaken.

  346. Foxfier says:

    Luke 11 27-28 has a footnote at the USCCB site:
    8 [27-28] The beatitude in Luke 11:28 should not be interpreted as a rebuke of the mother of Jesus; see the note on Luke 8:21. Rather, it emphasizes (like Luke 2:35) that attentiveness to God’s word is more important than biological relationship to Jesus.

  347. Paul Zummo says:

    Wow. All caps. You’ve completely changed my mind.

  348. sal says:

    Foxfier, footnotes are debatable-don’t you think? Whose commenting–which theologian? One of his colleagues may say something very different. The assumption there is that the one commenting knows what Jesus was aiming at.

  349. Foxfier says:

    Gee, Sal, you sound like an agnostic– “Gee, this person says Christ is risen, but this one says he hasn’t, so it’s debatable! That proves they’re both wrong…somehow….”

    Still waiting for your argument that’s from beyond yourself.

  350. sal says:

    Alright–here is more scriptural proof–in the parable of rich man Lazarus and poor man divies, which illustrates truth, we learn that a ‘great gulf’ lies between the living and the dead — a principle is being taught — communication with the dead is an impossibiloity–HENCE, WHENEVER SPIRITUAL COMMUNICATION OCCURS WITH SOMEONE WHO IS SUPPOSED TO BE DEAD / LIVING ON THE OTHER SIDE, THEY’VE CONTACTED AN UNCLEAN SPIRIT IN REALITY. NOW THE MARIAN CULT HAS COME TO INVOLVE A CERTAIN KIND OF COMMUNICATION WITH MARY, WHO ARE THEY REALLY COMMUNICATING WITH?

  351. sal says:

    In the O.T. the Canaanites were devoted to ashtoreth / astarte also known as the Queen of Heaven–part of the cult involved the baking of cakes or breads.

    Queen of Heaven is a pagan concept–one rooted in the ancient middle east, and it would make no sense to apply that category to Mary. It simply doesn’t fit.

  352. sal says:

    Numerous writers have established that a mythical construct involving a mother / son pattern had been around. The mother loses the son and he rises again, and there is weeping. Something grand and mysterious takes place–a kind of transformation–and only certain people supposedly were let in on the mystery. Because of the mythical reenactment, the world went on and life continued. So I think the world was sort of used to that and wanted it to continue–and if one looks at the pieta today, one can (if they strain a bit) find that pattern and wish to see it do what it once did.

  353. Foxfier says:

    And still with changing the subject.

    BTW, it’s “Lazarus and the Rich Man” in Luke 16.

    All Abraham says is that if the Rich Man’s brothers didn’t listen to Moses and the Prophets, they wouldn’t listen to Lazarus risen from the dead.

  354. Foxfier says:

    Oh, and the old “it’s a mythic cycle thing” is an old rumor.

    From a Chick tract, it seems.

    What is distinctive about Chick’s approach is his is claim that “the ‘Mother of God’ that Catholics worship is not the Mary of the Bible. Satan has tricked them into worshiping a counterfeit goddess.”[68] The basis for this claim is a story he borrowed from Alexander Hislop, according to which there was a queen in ancient Babylon named Semiramis. She married her son, Nimrod. After his death, she claimed to have had a virgin birth of another son, Tammuz, who was Nimrod reincarnated. This pair of Semiramis and Tammuz was often depicted in artwork as a mother and child. They form the basis of all of the mother-child statues in the different religions of the world, and when Catholics worship Mary and the Baby Jesus, they are actually worshiping Semiramis and Tammuz.

    What is one to make of this? Setting aside the fact that Catholics do not worship Mary, it is still complete nonsense. Hislop’s wild ideas cannot be substantiated historically.[69] We have mother and child images from cultures that predate Babylon. Further, if you want to depict a famous mother, a good way of doing it is by picturing her holding her child. Thus before literacy became widespread Christians often would picture Mary holding the Baby Jesus, and it became an established image in Christian art.

  355. sal says:

    Hislop was silly—we know–how could one substatiate a thread from ancient babylon to present day rome?

    I’m not referencing a tract.

    I’m talking about mythologists and anthropologists of a secular nature.

  356. sal says:

    Everyone knows Hislop was silly! All one has to do is look at the front cover of that book–copies still circulate in used book stores–a despot with an Oriental cap atop his head–a five-layer tiara. Yeah–really serious–I’m really going to reach for that one.

    Pardon the sarcasm, but yeah–I’m really into him!!!

  357. sal says:

    Sorry but I have to keep going:

    Yeah, like Hislop was this real Einstein, really cool guy, — like I wish I could meet him and say, “I want to shake your hand!”

    Like, yeah, this guy is smart–really capable of distinguishing one thing from another, a really good historian–like we all need to be like hislop–and just make those connections across space and time.

    Yeah, without Hislop we’d be unenlightened. I love Hislop!!!!!!!!!!! Ha, Ha, Ha!

  358. Paul Zummo says:

    Sorry but I have to keep going:

    Dude, it might really be time to step away from the keyboard. Seriously.

  359. sal says:

    Mr. Zummo, I was offering some comic relief–Hislop is absurd!!!

    I’ve explained things as best I can in as many ways as possible. I have provided scriptural evidence. Then I’ve also provided what is admittedly polemical–sometimes evidence comes in that form. I’ve also set forth the proper relationship between scripture and tradition. If you still haven’t caught on, it is probably due to a prior commitment.

    And Mr. Zummo, I see that I can no longer carry on this discussion–fair play is absent and to go on is pointless. I’m perfectly willing to accept a certain amount of testiness, but I’m afraid I’m just not used to this sort of thing in a theological debate–it may be how politics go, but theologial dialogue should probably be a bit less, shall we say…. well I’ll leave you to fill in the blank.

  360. Foxfier says:

    I have provided scriptural evidence.

    Liar, liar, pants on fire.

    All you’ve done is yell, misquote and make grand claims.

    If you agree Hilsop is silly, why are you quoting his theories?

  361. sal says:

    Discussion of a mother and son and the son’s renewal appears in other works.

  362. Foxfier says:

    Doesn’t make it any truer just because someone repeated it.

  363. sal says:

    My hope is that we will experience the love of God as we seek him daily–and that his love will enlighten our minds as it transforms our hearts.

  364. Foxfier says:


    That has what to do with your spreading ahistorical claims as fact?

  365. sal says:

    I think too that that is what’s called conversion–which entails a life-long transformative process; by grace are you saved, through faith, and this not of yourselves, it is the gift of God, lest someone should boast. For we ARE God’s workmanship (project or masterpiece) created in Christ Jesus to do good works, which God has already prepared for us to do.

    I hope that sheds some light on things.

  366. sal says:

    I’m reminded of the conclusion of what’s been called the faith chapter–and these three things remain outstanding–faith, hope and love, but the greatest of these is love.

    Faith ends in sight. (Here knowledge passes away–as do our debates surrounding Mary, etc.)
    Hope ends in fruition. (Who hopes for what he already has?)
    But love continues throughout the boundless realm of eternity. (And God is love and he who is in God loves!)

    And I want to express charity on this blessed day of God!

  367. Foxfier says:

    You are trying to dodge away from your very un-Christian actions, Sal.

    You are spreading falsehoods, making accusations that we must count as false on the evidence offered, and slandering those who responded with charity in acting as if you might be here in good faith.

  368. sal says:

    I’m afraid we’ll have to then agree to disagree.


  369. Foxfier says:


    You are wrong.

    You can go on being wrong, and spreading lies– or you can change.

    But I cannot “agree to disagree” as that would mean that I would have to stop opposing your falsehoods.

  370. sal says:

    Well, I nevertheless enjoyed our dialogue–and I think it’s been fruitful. If nothing else, we’ve come to better understand our positions–each others’ and our own.

  371. Paul Zummo says:

    I’m perfectly willing to accept a certain amount of testiness, but I’m afraid I’m just not used to this sort of thing in a theological debate–

    Yeah, sal, how dare we just not accept your complete bs and general nuttiness.

  372. Joe Hargrave says:

    “But I cannot “agree to disagree” as that would mean that I would have to stop opposing your falsehoods.”

    Beautifully said 🙂

  373. Foxfier says:

    If nothing else, we’ve come to better understand our positions–each others’ and our own.

    Not really.

    I knew what I thought, already, and I am already familiar with people who are use to getting away with false claims, name-calling, misquotes, flatly wrong quotes, spreading misinformation and attempts to use virtues as weapons against those who will not agree with you, be those virtues simple good manners or love and charity.

    Beautifully said

    Thank you, although I wish I’d never had the opportunity to say it.
    Wonder if I can get Sleeping Beastly to get over here and participate… he’s usually really good about actually trying to understand the other side and support his views in a way they can understand.

  374. sal says:

    I think it’s important to experience different viewpoints for the sake of widening our horizon. Sometimes we have to hear from our opponents in certain areas in order to develop a better sense of things. For example, the Roman church does well to highlight the sacramental aspect. They remind us too of the ways in which history and theology intersect, the importance of an incarnational understanding, and the relevance of tradition. Where I think much of the difference arises is in terms of the weight that gets assigned to each of these things. And that probably brings us back to our paradigms and premises.

  375. Foxfier says:

    Part of different viewpoints is knowing the support for them– if you can’t support your viewpoint, you’re doing no-one favors by championing it.

  376. sal says:

    Yes well, I think there is a paradigm that says there is God’s people and his Word, and they need to move forward in their role as witness to that, while being guarded and open to reform.

    Then I think there is a paradigm that says there is God’s people/the church and his Word, and then there is what they do through time–whatever that may be– which together comprise an organic unity. That unity is safeguarded from error so that substantial reform is not necessary and you can in fact have dogmatic pronouncements that are not subject to alteration.
    How one would explain Tetzel in that framework, well, I don’t know.

  377. Foxfier says:

    *sigh* Yak, yak, yak.

    I’ve heard street preachers who were more coherent.

  378. sal says:

    And these two respective paradigms comprise the premises with which we start off. All else flows naturally from them. So we really have to examine these opposing paradigms, not anything else.

  379. Foxfier says:

    Sal, weeks into this, you still haven’t managed to actually lay out your beliefs, and you’ve managed to mangle the facts with awe inspiring regularity.

    The point of view we here come from is that the Church which was founded by Christ himself, headed by Peter, and contains the Truth and map to heaven. God gave us reason, and it can be used.

    Yours is the impression and feelings you get when you read some parts of the Bible. Somewhat undercut since you keep claiming we’d see it if we’d only read carefully, but you keep getting Bible things wrong.

  380. sal says:

    If we have a logically coherent system, then I suspect we’ve gone too far. Our understanding shouldn’t be air-tight. It should leave some things unexplained. It should leave room for reformulation. It should allow for new insights and correction.

  381. sal says:

    A system developed in the history of Roman Catholicism–it culminated in Aquinas’ Summa. And I just think we as humans have this propensity to engage in a lot of Babel-like constructions, e.g. intellectual edifices and organizational machinery. I guess what I’m trying to get across (hopefully without speaking past each other and resorting to theological mudslinging) is something of the bigger picture–because I don’t think the matter can be settled in terms of prooftexting or ‘this is what my background asserts’ kind of thing. I think we need to go for what C. S. Lewis caught—the morphology or grammar of things. When we get a sense of that broader picture, it puts the smaller things into perspective. If we work from the bottom up it seems reasonable and logical, but we’re actually mislead–and this is at the heart of the problem I believe exists with Anselm, Abelard, Aquinas–these guys were trying to construct a tower and they of course did what anyone would do–they began at the bottom. But God’s Word breaks forth into our lives from above and without. The Scholastic doctors listened in at the back door to the Islamic rationalist debate concderning free-will and predestination–there was a golden age in Spain where they engaged in some tower-building of their own–and they went on a wild goose-chase.

  382. Foxfier says:

    Coherency, Sal, is exactly what you’re lacking.

  383. sal says:

    I do not possess a logically air-tight system, perhaps. But I do think our basic understanding should be marked, more or less, by coherency. I just recoil from total coherent systematization–faith involves mystery and I think we need always to grow into that mystery over time. And as Rowan Williams, the archbishop of Canterbury says, our language in relation to God and spirituality is “at the edge,” which is a good place to be–it keeps us creative and open.

  384. Foxfier says:

    Again you try to riff off of something neither I nor anyone else here has — in fact, you’re the one that started in on logically based and logically coherent systems.

    I have offered that God gave us reason and it should be used, and have asked you to offer actual reasons for your claims…yet you fail.

    Looking for R. William’s words including “at the edge” and “language” and found this context for your quote:
    Poets often reinvent their language, the ‘register’ of their voice. Shakespeare’s last plays show him at the edge of his imagination, speaking, through Prospero, of the dissolution of all his words, the death of his magic; Yeats painfully recreates his poetic voice, to present it ‘naked’, as he said; Eliot, in a famous passage of the Quartets, follows a sophisticated, intensely disciplined lyrical passage with the brutal, ‘that was a way of putting it’. In their different ways, all remind us that language is inescapably something reflecting on itself, ‘talking through’ its own achievements and failures, giving itself new agendas with every word. And most of all when we try to talk of God, we are called upon to talk with awareness and with repentance. ‘That was a way of putting it’; we have not yet said what there is to say, and we never shall, yet we have to go on, lest we delude ourselves into thinking we have made an end.

    The paragraph before this is on the limits of human language in describing God.

  385. sal says:

    Indeed, language is subject to limitations. Language is symbolism–it is a tool. It is not an end in itself, but rather a means for communication, and an imperfect one at that. Our communication about God and spirituality is never exhaustive–but it is hopefully meaningful. And we rely on creation for analogies to span the gap between ourselves and God and to engage in God-talk. But language is ultimately limited as is our knowledge of God.

  386. Foxfier says:

    1) the quote is not what you claimed
    2) you’re changing the subject again, in so much as you have a subject

  387. sal says:

    I think what Williams is saying is that our need for faith-expression keeps us (or should keep us) on our toes.

  388. Foxfier says:

    I don’t care what you think, Sal, unless you can offer some reason that’s not insulting to those who disagree with you.

    You keep quoting and getting it REALLY horribly wrong, and then change the topic, among the many other failings I’ve listed several times.

    That’s a really big flaw in someone who keeps saying his understanding is from reading and paying special attention.

  389. sal says:

    If language has its limitations, then that certainly places a restriction upon theology–theology is therefore an imperfect, imprecise, dynamic, ever-engaging but never-crystallized phenomenon. Theology is something we do, realizing we musn’t take it too seriously–it is not a math problem. It’s not even a science. It’s more of an art!

  390. Foxfier says:

    No-one is asking for perfection. A lack of chance for perfection is no reason to give up entirely– all have sinned, and fallen short of what we ought to do, but that is not going to cut it as an excuse with Him for not doing the best we can.

  391. sal says:

    Theology does not drop from the sky; we construct it. As human beings we are builders-we construct intellectual edifices, theological systems, works of art, monuments, dwellings, organizations, etc. We’re always building towers. These human projects will all seem paltry when seen in light of God’s fuller revelation when he returns.

    We can suspect that where there’s a system, there’s humans behind it–and human motivations.

  392. sal says:

    So let us strive for faith and for understanding–and let us hold onto what is good!

    I feel the need for a night’s rest now.

    God bless us all and may we know his abiding peace!

  393. Foxfier says:

    And that’s why God gave us rules and guidelines!

    Er… wait… system bad…. Hm.

    So let us strive for faith and for understanding–and let us hold onto what is good!

    Theology is a realm of understanding, you irrational blanker. It’s pursuit of understanding God.

  394. Paul Zummo says:

    You know, it might be time to close this thread up. Just a thought.

  395. Donald R. McClarey says:

    Agreed and done. Some threads take on a life of their own, but it is time to put this puppy to sleep. Besides, in a verbal combat between Foxfier and Sal, since Sal will not say “No mas”, “No mas”, a ref has to step in at some point and stop the pummelling!

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