The Holy Father in his amazingly insightful and thorough work Truth and Tolerance outlines a way—though focusing primarily on religious matters—that Catholics may engage a pluralistic world in a spirit of peace and tolerance while adhering completely to the divine truths of the Catholic faith, to which Catholics are called to live in accordance with and call others to through evangelization.
The whole point of the work is to establish the principles by which Catholics should encounter and engage people of different faiths, worldviews, lifestyles, etc., in the modern situation with its emphasis on conscience, individual freedom, and self-determination that inevitably creates a diverse society. The obvious danger is relativism and therefore a lack of any real conviction and principle. The “balance” is a correct temperament and a prudential spirit to find the proper avenue to best evangelize the world.
Considering the thesis of the Holy Father, a controversial question has come to plague Catholic education in the wake of the modern world: should Catholics schools accept children with parents of the same-sex? This is quite obviously a prudential question but not without far-reaching implications and ramifications.
This moral dilemma poses two fundamental questions: (1) Does adherence to tolerance in this situation necessarily negate and obscure the truth? (2) Does discrimination in this circumstance, thereby emphasizing a certain truth about man, constitute an act of intolerance that the Church should avoid?